Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
What is Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder?
Essentialy synonymous for one another, Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) are neurological conditions that affect learning and behavior. Common core features of ADHD are distractibility (poor sustained attention to tasks), impulsivity (impaired impulse control and delay of gratification), and hyperactivity (excessive activity and physical restlessness).
What Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder is NOT?
A student with ADHD is neither a bad nor an un-intelligent individual. Though students may exhibit hyperactive tendencies as well as other unusual personality traits, it does not mean that they are not as capable as a student who does not have ADHD to comprehend and complete course work.
How Common is Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder?
Approximately 4 to 6 percent of the U.S. population has ADHD. This equates to approximately 8 to 9 million people.
Tips for Professionals to Work with Students with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder:
Time management and other operations of organization skills may be difficult for students with ADHD. It may prove beneficial for the student where the instructor will interact with the student and suggest systems for organization, such as writing down assignments and their due dates on a physical medium or having distinct folders for each respective course and the work that each entail.
Lack in focus is a characteristic surrounding ADHD, therefore, the use of visuals (such as charts and pictures) during instruction and other moments of information delivery will assist students comprehend material covered. Also, be clear and structured with any instructions, especially with those that are longer in steps, or expectations of the student.
The student may appear to be unruly, but the important take-a-ways here is to be patient, creative, and consistent in your interactions with the student. Foster an understanding with students in regards to your expectations of the student while enrolled in your course.