### CHM 250 - Honors Chem II

**COURSE OBJECTIVES**

At the end of this course the student will have learned and/or be able to understand the following:

1. Be able to use and manipulate SI units and prefixes

2. Prepare solutions of a given molarity, molality, ppm, or %

3. Understand the concept of significant figures and error propagation

4. Know what a Gaussian distribution is and how it arises

5. Understand and be able to calculate averages, standard deviations, relative standard deviations and confidence intervals

6. Be able to correctly use F, t, and Q tests

7. Be able to generate calibration curves

8. Understand how methods are validated

9. Understand how to perform standard additions and use internal standards

10. Understand chemical equilibria and its relationship to thermodynamics

11. Understand solubility products and complex formation

12. Understand protic acids, pH, and acid and base strength

13. Be able to perform a titration and use the titration to calculate the concentration of an unknown

14. Be able to effectively choose an appropriate end point detector

15. Understand the effect of ionic strength on solubility

16. Understand the difference between concentration and activity

17. Understand acid-base equilibria

18. Understand how buffers work and what buffering is

19. Understand polyprotic acids and bases

20. Be able to use the Henderson-Hasselbalch equation correctly and understand how it is derived

21. Be able to perform an acid base titration

22. Understand both Galvanic and Electrolytic cells, standard potentials, the Nernst equation, and the relationship between standard potentials and the equilibrium constant

23. Understand the parts of an electrochemical analyzer – reference electrode, working electrode and counter electrode

24. Understand what a junction potential is and how a pH electrode works

25. Understand ion-selective electrodes

26. Understand how coulometry, amperometry and voltammetry work

27. Understand how acid rain is generated and the ozone hole is formed

28. Know Beer’s Law and how to use it

29. Know the basic components of a spectrometer

30. Understand the basics of atomic spectroscopy

31. Understand what chromatography is and how bands are separated and how and why they broaden as they move through a column

32. Understand what mobile and stationary phases are and how analytes partition between them

33. Understand the basic components of a gas chromatograph and a liquid chromatograph

34. Understand the basic forms of liquid chromatography – partition, adsorption, size exclusion, ion-exchange, and affinity

35. Understand how to prepare a sample correctly for analysis