Anthony Meals, M.S.


Education: Bachelor of Science in agricultural education (May 2014)

Master of Science in educational administration from Emporia State University

McNair Project: A Delphi Study of High School-based Outdoor Education Programming in Kansas (2012)

Mentor: Shannon Washburn, Ph.D.

Outdoor education (OE) is a general term that is a blending of two different educational areas: adventure education and environmental education. Using this organization a literature review was conducted from 1992 to 2012 that collected 149 journal articles, theses, and dissertations. The literature review was then broken into four topics: definitions, program components, expected educational outcomes, and barriers for OE programs. A global perspective of the current discussions within the field OE is laid out within the above four topics. Only two academic papers have researched OE within Kansas, both of which occurred in the 1950's. A Delphi Study will be conducted this fall to provide a consensus view on the above four topics amongst 30 recognized outdoor education experts in Kansas. We will use the results of the literature review as a conceptual foundation of comparison to how outdoor education is conducted in Kansas.