Geographers study the differences in human activities from one place to another, assess human impacts and responses to the environment, and resolve vital questions about current national and international situations. Geographers also pursue more theoretical inquiry into the major problems of human society by examining spatial structure and processes using various mathematical techniques and cartographic analysis of spatial phenomena, including computer mapping, geographic information systems, and remote sensing.
A typical and traditional problem in geography concerns human impact on the land. Air pollution, contamination of waterways, decaying urban areas, destruction of the landscape, and the like, can only be well understood by examining the interrelations of factors such as technology, population density, legal structure, affluence, cultural traditions, and environment.
Not familiar with what geography is or what geographers do? Watch this short video to learn more about creating a career as a geographer.
Existing within geography is the field of geographic information science and technology (GIS&T). Geographic information science (GIScience) underpins the wise and effective use of geospatial technologies and methods, including geographic information systems (GIS), acquisition and analysis of remotely sensed imagery, cartography and mapping, and quantitative spatial analysis and modeling.
Graduates with expertise in GIS&T enjoy excellent employment prospects and competitive salaries in a variety of career fields with duties including analyzing spatial data through mapping software, developing digital maps, designing and maintaining spatially enabled databases, writing programs and scripts to improve spatial analyses, and developing custom software applications to deliver geographic services to users.
Undergraduate students may pursue a traditional major in geography in the form of either a Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) or the Bachelor of Science (B.S.) degree or the B.S. in geographic information science and technology. Students may also earn a geography minor, choose the geography pre-planning option, or seek an Undergraduate Certificate in Geographic Information Systems (GIS). The curriculum for the B.S. in geographic information science and technology also results in students concurrently earning three additional academic credentials: a minor in geography, the Computer Science Certificate through the Department of Computer Science in the Carl R. Ice College of Engineering, and the Undergraduate Certificate in GIS. See the quick links to the right to review complete catalog descriptions of each undergraduate program, including curriculum guides for the B.A. and B.S. options.
At the graduate level, the Department of Geography and Geospatial Sciences also confers the Master of Science (M.S.) and Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) degrees. Drawing upon the research interests and experience of the faculty, the department's core areas of geographic inquiry are shown on the Venn diagram below. Much of the research conducted by faculty and graduate students incorporates one, or more, of these themes. Watch this short video to learn more about the advantages of our graduate program.
At the master's level, students receive training to prepare for either a professional career or advanced study. Master's students in geography may choose one of the three programs each of which lead to a M.S. degree. The thesis option requires 30 hours of graduate credit, including 6 credit hours for a thesis. The report option is a non-thesis program designed for students who have a specific professional goal in mind and who do not intend to pursue a doctoral degree. The report option for teachers is for students who intend to pursue, or continue, careers in public school or junior college teaching. A Graduate Certificate in Geographic Information Science (GIScience) is also available, which can be earned as a stand-alone certificate or in conjunction with either a master's or doctoral degree.
At the Ph.D. level, students are encouraged to pursue original research that fits within the core areas of the department and complements the rural and land grant tradition of Kansas State University. The doctoral degree is designed to develop and enhance a student's knowledge and ability to conduct original independent research that makes a scholarly contribution to the student's areas of specialization. The Ph.D. program fosters (1) an understanding of scientific inquiry, (2) knowledge of the structure of the geographic discipline, its history, issues, methods, and trends, (3) proficiency in appropriate analytical and technical skills, and (4) competency in communicating the results of research.
The department is centrally located on campus near Hale Library, most classrooms, and the K-State Student Union. The university's library system is amply stocked with research resources for most geographical studies. Department resources include the Geographic Information Systems Spatial Analysis Laboratory (GISSAL), the Paleoenvironmental Laboratory, the Remote Sensing Research Laboratory, hyperspectral radiometers, GPS receivers, a modern GIScience/Remote Sensing Computer Teaching Laboratory, photogrammetric instrumentation, and high definition videoconferencing systems. Software tools for research include a campus site license for Environmental Systems Research Institute (Esri) products and widely used statistical and remote sensing programs such as ERDAS Imagine, ENVI, SAS, R, and MATLAB.
Career opportunities in geography and geographic information science are diverse and employment prospects after receipt of the degree are excellent. Employment opportunities include positions in business, government, and education. Federal agencies, such as the Environmental Protection Agency, National Geospatial Intelligence Agency, Bureau of the Census, and Bureau of Land Management employ numerous geographers each year, particularly those with environmental or spatial techniques and analysis expertise. State and local agencies employ geographers with specialties in many areas, including environmental geography, physical geography, health, cultural geography, planning, and spatial techniques.
A geographer’s training in location analysis, social and environmental systems, and geospatial techniques such remote sensing, geographic information systems, and cartography make the geographer particularly valuable in the private sector. Job titles such as geographic information systems manager, cartographer, environmental planner, public health analyst, and market researcher are just a few of the varied positions held by geographers in the private sector.