Afghanistan is the prime source for high-value raisins and nuts production in the world. Wheat is important because it is the largest single component of most Afghani’s diet (500-600 g/day). Contamination in raisins and tree nuts is important because of international trade regulations that limit toxin contamination in these commodities. In the past, Afghanistan has been a major exporter of these high-value commodities and they have been an important source of hard currency. A functional mycotoxin laboratory is now in place and raisins, walnuts, almonds, pistachios, and wheat are being tested for the presence of one or more of- aflatoxin, ochratoxin, deoxynivalenol (also known as DON and vomitoxin), and T-2 toxin. This project has a short projected life span of somewhat less than one year (June 2015 to April 2016).