National Livestock Readiness Program: Effective animal disease outbreak response
Effective local, state, regional, tribal nations and national animal disease outbreak response is dependent upon coordinated efforts across disciplines in planning, training and education. Trans-boundary animal disease identification and response are initiated at the local, state, or tribal nation level. Minimizing the deleterious effect of a disease outbreak on the US livestock industry requires local, state, tribal nations and regional agriculture response entities be fully prepared in their response planning, training, and education. Current response planning, training, and education across the US varies greatly in form, function, and levels of development. There exists no common resource for sharing local or state animal disease outbreak plan development and content, outbreak response knowledge and training, or educational credentialing for positions within the Incident Command System (ICS). A coordinated National Livestock Readiness Program (NLRP) provides a “one stop shop” for planning, training/credentialing, and information sharing between state, local, tribal, and territorial (SLTT) government entities.
Animal Disease Response Training (ADRT)
ADRT is a one-day, eight-hour awareness-level course for the non-traditional agricultural responder in rural communities. Many of those on the front line of defense during a high-consequence animal disease outbreak will not come from a primary workforce involved in emergency response. As state and federal agencies become involved during the escalation of the response, those at the local level will be able to provide more effective support if they understand the concepts involved in biosecurity, quarantine, cleaning and disinfection, euthanasia and disposal, and other response related concepts. Through better understanding of the concepts and a familiarity with the terminology used in high-consequence animal disease response, the non-traditional responder will be able to provide more timely and effective assistance. These classes will be taught throughout the US using mobile training teams and logistical support from NABC. This course is a FEMA NTED-approved curriculum.
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NBAF Transition Transboundary Animal Disease (TAD) Risk Analysis Project
NABC is developing a process for timely and accurate qualitative and quantitative risk analysis for three diseases identified for study at the National Bio Agro-Defense Facility, or NBAF: Classical swine fever, African swine fever, and Rift Valley fever. As the project moves into its third year, NABC will work closely with a team of K-State epidemiologists and student researchers in quantitative risk analysis. NABC will also expand the scope of the project to engage additional disciplines for social identification, risk communication, and agricultural economic impact. Using a rural community in Kansas, project collaborators from social science and ag communications will determine critical nodes of contact within the community and methods of communication that provide best distribution of accurate information in a timely manner. The information obtained from this study will have the potential to be extrapolated to many other situations, including international applications. This study could also be applied to distribution of information in a One Health setting.
State Transboundary Animal Disease (TAD) Response Plan Assessment
The Department of Homeland Security Office of Health Affairs, Food, Agriculture and Veterinary Defense group is working to create an all-encompassing Food and Agriculture Emergency Operations Plan covering livestock, plant health (food crop), poultry, and food emergencies to be used by state, local, tribal, and territorial (SLTT) government entities. State TAD plan assessment provides an evaluation phase to determine the success of previous NABC efforts.
NABC’s previous development of a common planning process for SLTT government entities in TAD response, known as the Livestock Emergency Response Planning (LERP) toolkit, provides an integrated, coordinated, and synchronized process for livestock disease emergency operations planning and response. The current NABC project evaluates the LERP toolkit’s ability to meet state TAD planning needs and will provide data to support its use by potential stakeholders. NABC is evaluating four parameters associated with LERP efficacy.