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Richard Jeannotte, Ph.D.

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Research Associate and Targeted Excellence Fellow

Kansas Lipidomics Research Center

Division of Biology

Kansas State University

506 Ackert Hall, Manhattan, KS, USA 66506-4901

Office: (785) 532-6367

Laboratory: (785) 532-5756

Fax: (785) 532-6653

E-mail: richardj@ksu.edu

Websites: http://www.k-state.edu/lipid/lipidomics/; http://www.k-state.edu/functionalgenomics/index.htm

 

 

BACKGROUND
 

I obtained a B.Sc. in biochemistry in 1993 and a M.Sc. in chemistry (with honors) in 1996 from the Université du Québec à Montréal (Montréal, Québec, Canada). Later on, I earned a Ph.D. in natural resources sciences (soil science) in 2007 from McGill University (Montréal, Québec, Canada. During my Ph.D. studies, I developed a passion for the soil, because of its high importance for human life on earth, its essential functions, and the diversity of the forms of life that inhabit it and their complex interrelations.

 

At the same time, I also developed a passion for studying organic molecules and especially lipids. In my Ph.D. research, I was using an approach based on fatty acid profiling to characterize soil microbial communities. To acquire more knowledge about lipids and methods to study them, I became interested in working at the Kansas Lipidomics Research Center. As a biochemist, elucidating the diversity of molecules found in a highly complex environment like soil is a life-long challenge.  It will require hard work, intelligence, and collaboration with enthusiastic biochemists, chemists, biologists, and soil scientists who are fascinated by the rich biological and molecular diversity found in nature.

 

My current research goals are (1) to study plant and soil biota responses to anthropogenic and environmental factors using a lipidomics approach; (2) to contribute to the characterization of the biochemical complexity and cycling of organic molecules in soil ecosystems; (3) to develop mass spectrometry methods to study soil ecology, organic geochemistry, archeology and plant biology; (4) to improve the sustainable management of natural resources and biodiversity using OMICs approaches; and (5) to study relationships between human health and ecosystem health.

 

 

PROPOSITIONS OF UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH PROJECTS

 

Currently, through the REU program in grassland ecology at Kansas State University, Dr Welti, Dr Blair and I, as co-mentors, are proposing three research projects to undergraduate students for summer 2008.  More details on these three projects could be found by going at the address of the program: http://www.k-state.edu/bsanderc/reu/reuproject.htm

 

Briefly, these projects are:

1. Environmental Factors Controlling the Dynamics of Archaea Communities in Grassland Ecosystem  

2. Soil Algae in the Konza Prairie Grassland Ecosystem

3. Molecular Characterization of Grassland Soil Ecosystem by Mass Spectrometry

If you aren’t able to be part of the KSU REU program, I would like to invite you to communicate with me and express your interest in working on a related project.

 

PUBLICATIONS

 

[1] Bernatchez, F., Jeannotte, R., Begg, C.M., Hamel, C., and Whalen, J.K. 2008. Soil fertility and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi related to trees growing on smallholder farms in Senegal. Journal of Arid Environments, accepted (manuscript no. JAE07-69R1).

 

[2] Zhu, L., Liu, X., Liu, X., Jeannotte, R., Reese, J.C., Harris, M., Stuart, J.J., and Chen, M.-S. 2008. Hessian fly (Mayetiola destructor) attack causes a dramatic shift in carbon and nitrogen metabolism in wheat. Molecular Plant Microbe Interactions 21: 70-78.

 

[3] Isaac, G., Jeannotte, R., Esch, S.W., and Welti, R. 2007. New mass-spectrometry-based strategies for lipids. Genetic Engineering 28: 129-57. (The three first authors made a similar contribution to this book chapter).

 

[4] Basiliko, N., Moore, T.R., Jeannotte, R., and Bubier, J.L. 2006. Nutrient input and carbon and microbial dynamics in an ombrotrophic bog. Geomicrobiology Journal 23: 531-543.

 

[5] Devaiah, S.P., Roth, M.R., Baugham, E., Li, M.Y., Tamura, P., Jeannotte, R., Welti, R., and Wang, X.M. 2006. Quantitative profiling of polar glycerolipid species from organs of wild-type Arabidopsis and a PHOSPHOLIPASE D alpha 1 knockout mutant. Phytochemistry 67: 1907-1924.

 

[6] Sampedro, L., Jeannotte, R., and Whalen, J.K. 2006. Trophic transfer of fatty acids from gut microbiota to the earthworm Lumbricus terrestris L. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 38: 2188-2198.

 

[7] Hamel, C., Vujanovic, V., Nakano-Hylander, A., Jeannotte, R., and St-Arnaud, M. 2005. Factors associated with Fusarium crown and root rot of asparagus outbreaks in Quebec. Phytopathology 95: 867-873.

 

[8] Hamel, C., Vujanovic, V., Jeannotte, R., Nakano-Hylander, A., and St-Arnaud, M. 2005. Negative feedback on a perennial crop: Fusarium crown and root rot of asparagus is related to changes in soil microbial community structure. Plant and Soil 268: 75-87.

 

[9] Jeannotte, R., Sommerville, D. W., Hamel, C. and Whalen, J. K. 2004. A microplate assay to measure soil microbial biomass phosphorus.  Biology and Fertility of Soils 40: 201-205.

 

[10] Jeannotte, R., Paquin, J., Petit-Turcotte, C. and Day, R. 1997. Convertase PC2 and the neuroendocrine polypeptide 7B2 are co-induced and processed during neuronal differentiation of P19 embryonal carcinoma cells. DNA and Cell Biology 10: 1175-1187.

 

PUBLICATIONS in preparation

 

Jeannotte, R., Hamel, C., Jabaji-Hare, S., and Whalen, J.K.  Comparison of solvent mixtures for pressurized solvent extraction of soil fatty acid biomarkers.

 

Jeannotte, R., Hamel, C., Jabaji-Hare, S., and Whalen, J.K. Pyrolysis-mass spectrometry and gas chromatography-flame ionization detection as complementary tools in the characterization of soil lipids.

 

Jeannotte, R., Hamel, C., Hogue, R., Whalen, J.K., and Jabaji-Hare, S. Field assessment of Trichoderma virens (SoilGardTM) and mycorrhizal fungi as potential biocontrol agents against Sclerotinia stem rot in soybean.

 

Jeannotte, R., Hamel, C., Hogue, R., Whalen, J.K., and Jabaji-Hare, S. Profiling of soil microbial communities using fatty acid analysis in a soybean agroecosystem infested with Sclerotinia stem rot disease.

 

Jeannotte, R., Magrini, K.A., Roth, M.R., and Welti, R. Use of pyrolysis molecular beam mass spectrometry (py-MBMS) to fingerprint lipids in agricultural soils.

 

Jeannotte, R., Roth, M.R., and Welti, R.  Quantitative profiling of polar glycerolipid species as microbial biomarkers in agricultural soils.

 

   Copyright 2005 @ Kansas Lipidomics Research Center , Kansas State University.Website design by Prashanth Palakollu.

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Updated July 5, 2007