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Institute for Civic Discourse and Democracy


Democracy Theory and Practice Database (ICDD RefWorks database of published interdisciplinary research, with over 28,000 citations)


Selection of recent K-State faculty work related to democratic engagement, deliberation, and public issues addressed (Source:ICDD Refworks database)


Shaffer, T. J., Longo, N. V., Manosevitch, I., & Thomas, M. S. (Eds.). (In press). Deliberative pedagogy: Teaching and learning for democratic engagement. Lansing, MI: Michigan State University Press. 

Kliewer, B. W., & Priest, K. (2016). Creating the conditions for political engagement: A narrative approach for community-engaged scholarship and civic leadership development. In K. M. Soria, & T. B. Mitchell (Eds.), Civic engagement and community service at research universities (pp. 47-62). London: Palgrave-Macmillan.

Kliewer, B. W., Moretto, K. N., & Purcell, J. W. (2016). Emergent spaces of civic leadership education and development: Understanding the liberal arts and humanities from a perspective of civic and public work. Journal of Leadership Education, 15(2), 114-128.

Kliewer, B. W., & Zacharakis, J. (2015). Leadership education and development for what?: Civic imagination for a more just and democratic society. Educational Considerations, 43(1), 1-3. 

Kliewer, B., & Zacharakis, J. (2015). Leadership education and development for justice using the canonical framework of John Rawls's, "A theory of justice". Educational Considerations, 43(1), 36-41. 

Kliewer, B. W., & Mukhtar, S. (2015). Looking ahead: Envisioning the next generation of civic work. Diversity & Democracy, 18(1), 28-29. 

Kliewer, B. W., Cox, D., Cooney, B., & Stiehl, B. (2015). Connecting general education programming with regionally-engaged learning economies: The results of a community inquiry and dialogue. PRISM: A Journal of Regional Engagement, 4(1), 3.

Kliewer, B. W., Rhea, J., Hollingshead, B., & Satkoski, C. (2015). Attention + action: The southwest Florida paradigm for community-engaged scholarship. In O. Delano-Oriaran, M. W. Penick-Parks & S. Fondrie (Eds.), The SAGE sourcebook of service-learning and civic engagement. New York: Sage Publications.

Wohlpart, A. J., Kliewer, B. W., Hollingshead, B., Otto, E., Wohlpart, S. L., Green, D., . . . Morimano, L. (2014). Leadership through service: Advancing economic justice through intergenerational learning at FGCU. In P. B. Corcoran, & B. Hollingshead (Eds.), Intergenerational learning and transformative leadership for sustainable futures. (pp. 377-383). Wageningen, Netherlands: Academic Publishers.

Kliewer, B. (2014). Emerging spaces of community-engaged leadership: Reconsidering online learning and the purposes and process of democratic engagement. In S. Crabill, & D. Butin (Eds.), Community engagement 2.0?: Dialogues on the future of the civic in the disrupted university. (pp. 82-91). New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan.

Kliewer, B. (2013). Why civic engagement in higher education cannot achieve democratic and justice aims. Michigan Journal of Community Service Learning, 19(2), 72-79.

Kliewer, B. W., Quinter, E., & Neat, S. (2013). Community-engaged impact entrepreneurship: Organizing reciprocal partnerships for a more democratic economy. EJournal of Public Affairs, 2(3), 1-21.

Kliewer, B. W. (2013). Regional engagement at a crossroads: The intersection of neoliberalism, access, and democratic engagement. PRISM: A Journal of Regional Engagement, 2(1), 2.

Shaffer, T. J. (2012). The land grant system and graduate education: Reclaiming a narrative of engagement. In A. Gilvin, G. M. Roberts & C. Martin (Eds.), Collaborative futures: Critical reflections on publicly active graduate education. (pp. 49-74). Syracuse, NY: The Graduate School Press.

Sandmann, L. R., & Kliewer, B. W. (2012). Theoretical and applied perspectives on power: Recognizing processes that undermine effective community-university partnerships. Journal of Community Engagement and Scholarship, 5(2), 20.

Kliewer, B. W., Sandmann, L. R., & Narasimharao, B. P. (2012). Corporate-university partnerships: The outreach and engagement model. In B. P. Narasimharao (Ed.), Evolving corporate education structures for developing countries: The role of the university.  (pp. 270-285). Hersey, PA: IGI Global.

Dostilio, L. D., Brackmann, S. M., Edwards, K. E., Harrison, B., Kliewer, B. W., & Clayton, P. H. (2012). Reciprocity: Saying what we mean and meaning what we say. Michigan Journal of Community Service Learning, 19(1), 17-32.

Zacharakis, J., Steichen, M., Diaz, d. S., & Glass, D. (2011). Understanding the experiences of adult learners: Content analysis of focus group data. Adult Basic Education and Literacy Journal, (2), 84-95.

Sandmann, L. R., Kliewer, B. W., Kim, J., & Omerikwa, A. (2010). Toward understanding reciprocity in community-university partnerships: An analysis of select theories of power. In J. Keshen, S. H. Billig & B. A. Holland (Eds.), Advances in service learning: Research for what? (pp. 3-23). Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing.

Jarvis, S. E., & Han, S. (2010). Communication and civic participation: Promoting engaged citizenship through digital filmmaking. Electronic Journal of Communication, 20

Jarvis, S. E., & Han, S. (2010). Teaching citizenship: Student-led documentary film projects in the communication classroom. Communication Teacher, 24(1), 35-42. doi:10.1080/17404620903433390


Paul, G. D. (2016). But does it work? The influence of presumed goal attainment effectiveness on willingness to use legalistic and restorative responses to offensive behavior. Communication Studies, 67(2), 239-258. doi:10.1080/10510974.2015.1121157

Paul, G. D. (2015). Justice perceptions and practices of restorative justice facilitators and the public. Contemporary Justice Review, 18(3), 274-295. doi:10.1080/10282580.2015.1057678

Paul, G. D., & Riforgiate, S. E. (2015). “Putting on a happy face,” “Getting back to work,” and “Letting it go”: Traditional and restorative justice understandings of emotions at work. Electronic Journal of Communication, 25(3 & 4)

Paul, G. D. (2015). Predicting participation in a victim– offender conference. Negotiation and Conflict Management Research, 8(2), 100-118. doi:10.1111/ncmr.12049

Borton, I. M., & Paul, G. D. (2015). Problematizing the healing metaphor of restorative justice. Contemporary Justice Review, 18(3), 257-273. doi:10.1080/10282580.2015.1057704

Paul, G. D., & Dunlop, J. A. (2014). The other voice in the room: Restorative justice facilitators' constructions of justice. Conflict Resolution Quarterly, 31(3), 257-283. doi:10.1002/crq.21091

Paul, G. D., & Borton, I. M. (2013). Exploring communities of facilitators: Orientations toward restorative justice. Conflict Resolution Quarterly, 31(2), 189-218. doi:10.1002/crq.21073

Paul, G. D. (2012). “We must not think evil of this man”: A case study of Amish and English forgiveness. Communication Quarterly, 60(3), 424-444. doi:10.1080/01463373.2012.688722

Hart, R., & Lind, C. (2011). The rhetoric of Islamic activism: A DICTION study. Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict, 4(2), 113-125. doi:10.1080/17467586.2011.627934


Han, S., Schenck-Hamlin, W., & and Schenck-Hamlin, D. (2015). Inclusion, equality, and discourse quality in citizen deliberations on broadband. Journal of Public Deliberation, 11(1)

Blacksher, E., Maree, G., Schrandt, S., Soderquist, C., Steffensmeier, T., & St. Peter, R. (2015). Health policy, ethics, and the Kansas Legislative Health Academy. American Journal of Public Health, 105(3), 485-489.

Han, S., & Brazeal, L. M. (2015). Playing nice: Modeling civility in online political discussions. Communication Research Reports, 32(1), 20-28. doi:10.1080/08824096.2014.989971

Shaffer, T. (2014). Deliberation in and through higher education. Journal of Public Deliberation, 10(1), 1-5.

Schenck-Hamlin, D., Han, S., & Schenck-Hamlin, B. (2014). Library-led forums on broadband: An inquiry into public deliberation. Library Quarterly, 84(3), 278-293.

Lind, C. J. (2014). Deference in the district: An analysis of congressional town hall meetings from the C-SPAN video library. In R. Browning (Ed.), The C-SPAN archives: An interdisciplinary resource for discovery, learning, and engagement.   (pp. 59-77). West Lafayette, IN: Purdue University Press.

Han, Soo-Hye, & Lind, Colene. (2014). Who speaks with certainty? Examining verbal style in public discussion forums. National Communication Association Annual Convention, Chicago.

Blong, L. (2014). Facilitating episode work. Madison, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press.

Black, L. W., Shaffer, T. J., & and Thomas, N. L. (2014). Reflecting on the state of our field: Challenging our purpose, impact, and potential. Journal of Public Deliberation, 10(1)

Gibson, H. J. (2011). School facility age and classroom technology: The influence of stakeholder participation in the technology planning process. American Clearinghouse on Educational Facilities, 1(1), 39-50. Retrieved from http://krex.k-state.edu/dspace/handle/2097/12430

Steffensmeier, T., & Woodbury, T. (2011). Rebuilding communities with the public square process. In L. W. Black (Ed.), Group communication: Cases for analysis, appreciation, and application. (pp. 183-191). Dubuque, IA: Kendall Hunt.

Dillard, K. N. (2011). Assessing the problem of gender inequality in deliberative democracy (Dissertation). Retrieved from http://krex.k-state.edu/dspace/handle/2097/12005

Schenck-Hamlin, W., & Schenck-Hamlin, D. (2010). Deliberation quality in national issues forums and midwest democracy project blogs. Manhattan, KS: Institute for Civic Discourse and Democracy, Kansas State University.

Schenck-Hamlin, D., Schenck-Hamlin, B., Steffensmeier, T., & Marzluf, P. (2010). Employing deliberative polling ™ in a university classroom; results of a pilot test. Manhttan, KS: Institute for Civic Discourse and Democracy, Kansas State University.


Hart, R. P., & Lind, C. J. (2014). The blended language of partisanship in the 2012 presidential campaign. American Behavioral Scientist, 58(4), 591-616. doi:10.1177/0002764213506220

Lind, C. J. (2014). Democratic deference in a republican primary. In R. P. Hart (Ed.), Communication and language analysis in the public sphere (pp. 99-119). Hershey, PA: Information Science Reference. doi:10.4018/978-1-4666-5003-9.ch006

Payne, J. G., Jarvis, S. E., & Han, S. (2013). From an honored value to a harmful choice: How presidential candidates have discussed electoral participation (1948-2012). American Behavioral Scientist, 57(12), 1650-1662. doi:10.1177/0002764213490695

Jarvis, S. E., & Han, S. (2011). The mobilized voter: Portrayals of electoral participation in print news coverage of campaign 2008. American Behavioral Scientist, 55(4), 419-436. doi:10.1177/0002764211398069

Purtle, S. M., & Steffensmeier, T. R. (2011). The daily show and Barack Obama's critique of whiteness: An intersection of popular and political rhetoric.  (chapter 13). In T. Goodnow, J. E. Barbur & C. W. Buerkle (Eds.), The daily show and rhetoric: Arguments, issues and strategies Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.

Steffensmeier, T. (2010). Building a public square: An analysis of community narratives. Community Development, 41(2), 255-268. doi:10.1080/15575330903477317


Shaffer, T. J. (2013). What should you and I do?: Lessons for civic studies from deliberative politics in the new deal. The Good Society, 22(2), 137-150.

Mahoney, J. (2010). Secularism, equality, and political legitimacy. The Journal of Value Inquiry, 44(1), 17-30. doi:10.1007/s10790-010-9201-9

Karnes, M. K., Shaffer, T. J., & Ghere, R. K. (2011). The challenges of accountability for international nongovernmental and civil society organizations. In Dubnick, Melvin J., and Frederickson, H. George, (Ed.), Accountable governance: Problems and promises. (pp. 180-196). Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe.

Mahoney, J. (2011). A democratic equality approach to religious exemptions. Journal of Social Philosophy, 42(3), 305-320. doi:10.1111/j.1467-9833.2011.01531.x


Erickson, L. E., Robinson, J., Brase, G., & Cutsor, J. (2017). Solar powered charging infrastructure for electric vehicles : A sustainable development Boca Raton : CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group.

Robinson, J., Brase, G., Griswold, W., Jackson, C., & Erickson, L. (2014). Business models for solar powered charging stations to develop infrastructure for electric vehicles. Sustainability, 6(10), 7358-7387. doi:10.3390/su6107358

Campbell Hibbs, A., Kahl, D., PytlikZillig, L., Champion, B., Abdel-Monem, T., Steffensmeier, T., . . . Hubbard, K. (2014). Agricultural producer perceptions of climate change and climate education needs for the central great plains. Journal of Extension, 53(4) 

PytlikZillig, L. M., Steffensmeier, T., Campbell Hibbs, A., Champion, B. L., Hunt, E., Harrington Jr., J., . . . Kahl, D. W. (2013). Fostering climate change education in the central great plains: A public engagement approach. International Journal of Sustainability Education, 8(1), 161-177.

Shaffer, T. J. (2012). Environmental leadership and deliberative democracy: The challenges and promise of engagement. In Rigling Gallagher, D., N. Christensen, and P. Andrews (Ed.), Environmental leadership: A reference handbook, volume 1 (pp. 229-236). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. doi:10.4135/9781452218601.n25

Griswold, W. (2011). Ecoliteracy learning for classrooms and communities. Paper presented at the 2011 Sustainability Conference, Manhattan, KS. Retrieved from http://krex.k-state.edu/dspace/handle/2097/9121

Erickson, L. E., Griswold, W. M., Saulters, O. S., & Hohn, K. L. (2011). Sustainability education for sustainable development Kansas State University.  Retrieved from http://searchit.lib.ksu.edu/KSUD:Entire_Library_Collection:01KSU_DSPACE2097/9113 


Duke, L., Grohe, M., Miller, A., & Williams, R. (2011). Case study 1: Art museums as places of learning and reflection for the medical field. Journal of Museum Education, 36(1), 58-61. doi:10.1080/10598650.2011.11510682

Duke, L. (2010). The museum visit: It’s an experience, not a lesson. Curator: The Museum Journal, 53(3), 271-279. doi:10.1111/j.2151-6952.2010.00028.x