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Office of Assessment

Verb list for student learning outcomes

Student learning outcomes for a degree program will encompass several levels of learning, from the acquisition of facts to the ability to think critically and solve problems. Each statement of a student learning outcome should include a VERB that represents the level of learning that is expected.

Use the following table when creating student learning outcome statements:

Remember

Understand

Apply

Analyze

Evaluate

Create

Arrange

Classify

Calculate

Combine

Appraise

Arrange

Define

Describe

Construct

Figure

Argue

Assemble

Locate

Identify

Classify

Find

Assess

Compose

Recall

Indicate

Estimate

Sketch

Defend

Create

Recite

Organize

Illustrate

Solve

Estimate

Design

Describe

Interpret

Interpret

Predict

Judge

Devise

Repeat

Illustrate

Appraise

Change

Predict

Formulate

Identify

Reorganize

Contrast

Survey

Qualify

Invent

Select

Translate

Criticize

Compare

Rate

Manage

Quote

Paraphrase

Diagnose

Diagram

Support

Modify

Label

Summarize

Identify

Examine

Critique

Organize

Copy

Transform

 

Test

Recommend

Plan

List

Discuss

 

Modify

 

Prepare

Name

Explain

 

 

 

Produce

State

Defend

 

 

 

Propose

 

Compare

 

 

 

Set up

 

Report

 

 

 

Verify

 

Restate

 

 

 

Construct

 

Review

 

 

 

Develop

 

Rewrite

 

 

 

 

From: The Eberly Center for Teaching Excellence, Carnegie Mellon University