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Gaming Political Science

Model UN, European Union, OAS, and NATO

American Model United Nations Headquarters

National Model United Nations 

A simulation of the United Nations General Assembly and related multilateral bodies for high school- and university-level students worldwide.

Model General Assembly of the Organization of American States

A simulation of the real OAS General Assembly in which the students "represent" the OAS Member States, and advocate the interests and policies of their assigned countries.


The WMOAS is a collaborative effort between the OAS and the Institute for Diplomatic Dialogue in the Americas (IDDA) which is a legally incorporated entity, with status as a civil society organization with the OAS. The WMOAS is actively supported by the OAS Office of the Assistant Secretary General and has been endorsed in a Resolution of the OAS itself. This unique collaboration allows students unprecedented access to the OAS and its member state missions.

Articles, Books, and Conference Papers

Anene, John N. 2010. "In-Class: United Nations Simulation and Global Education in Community College Settings." Paper presented at the APSA Teaching and Learning Conference, Philadelphia, PA, February 5-7. Abstract

Clark, Nicholas, Gretchen Van Dyke, Peter Loedel, John Scherpereel, and Andreas Sobisch. "EU Simulations and Engagement: Motivating Greater Interest in European Union Politics." Journal of Political Science Education 13(2): 152-170. Abstract

Crossley-Frolick, Katy. 2010. “Beyond Model UN: Simulating Mutli-Level, Multi-Actor Diplomacy using the Millennium Development Goals.” International Studies Perspectives 11(2): 184-201. Abstract

Engel, Susan, Josh Pallas, and Sarah Lambert. 2017. "Model United Nations and Deep Learning: Theoretical and Professional Learning." Journal of Political Science Education 13(2): 171-184. Abstract

Galatas, Steven E. 2006. “A Simulation of the Council of the European Union: Assessment of the Impact on Student Learning.” PS: Political Science and Politics 39(1): 147-51. Abstract

Hazelton, William A. and James E. Jacob. 1983. “Simulating International Diplomacy: The National Model United Nations Experience.” Teaching Political Science 10(2): Abstract

Jefferson, Kurt W. 1999. “The Bosnian War Crimes Trial Simulation: Teaching Students about the Fuzziness of World Politics and International Law.” PS: Political Science and Politics 32(3): 588-92. Abstract

Jones, Rebecca. 2008. “Evaluating a Cross-Continent EU Simulation.” Journal of Political Science Education 4(4): 404-434. Abstract

Jones, Sharon. 2010. "Model UN and Class Roles: Case Studies in Role-Playing and Simulations for Learning and Engagement." Paper presented at the APSA Teaching and Learning Conference, Philadelphia, PA, February 5-7. Abstract

Kaunert, Christian. 2009. “The European Union Simulation: From Problem-Based Learning (PBL) to Student Interest.” European Political Science 8(2): 254-265. Abstract

McIntosh, Daniel. 2001. “The Uses and Limits of the Model United Nations in an International Relations Classroom.” International Studies Perspectives 2(3): 269-280. Abstract

Meleshevich, Andrey A., and Howard Tamashiro. 2008. “Learning to Learn; Learning to Win: How to Succeed in the Simulated World of Model NATO.” PS: Political Science and Politics 41(4): 865-9. Abstract

Muldoon, Jr., James P. 1995. “The Model United Nations Revisited.” Simulation and Gaming 26(1): 27-35. Abstract

Naujoks, Daniel. 2019. "Refugee Camps and Refugee Rights: A Simulation of the Response to Large Refugee Influxes." Journal of Political Science EducationDOI

Ripley, Brian, Neal Carter and Andrea Grove. 2009. “League of Our Own: Creating a Model United Nations Scrimmage Conference.” Journal of Political Science Education 5(1): 55-70. Abstract

Strand, Jonathan P. and David P. Rapkin. 2011. “Weighted Voting in the United Nations Security Council: A Simulation.” Simulation and Gaming 42(6): 772-802. Abstract

Switky, Bob. 2004. “The Importance of Voting in International Organizations: Simulating the Case of the European Union.” International Studies Perspectives 5(1): 40-49. Abstract

Van Dyke, Gretchen J., Edward G. Declair and Peter H. Loedel. 2000. “Stimulating Simulations: Making the European Union a Classroom Reality.” International Studies Perspectives 1(2): 145-159. Abstract

West, Lucy, and Dan Halvorson. 2019. "Student Engagement and Deep Learning in the First-Year International Relations Classroom: Simulating a UN Security Council Debate on the Syrian Crisis." Journal of Political Science EducationDOI

Zartner, Dana. 2009. “An Interdisciplinary Approach to Teaching International Law: Using the Tools of the Law School Classroom in Political Science.” PS: Political Science and Politics 42(1): 189-95. Abstract

Zeff, Eleanor E. 2003. “Negotiating in the European Council: A Model European Union Format for Individual Classes.” International Studies Perspectives 4(3): 265-274. Abstract

Zook, Nathan and Jennifer Haydel. 2012. “UN Security Council Simulations.” Paper presented at the APSA Teaching and Learning Conference, Washington, D.C. Abstract