Afghanistan is a prime source for high-value raisins and nuts production in the world. Wheat is important because it is the largest single component of most Afghans' diet (500-600 g/day). Contamination in raisins and tree nuts is important because of international trade regulations that limit toxin contamination in these commodities. In the past, Afghanistan has been a major exporter of these high-value commodities, and they have been an important source of hard currency. A functional mycotoxin laboratory is now in place and raisins, walnuts, almonds, pistachios, and wheat are being tested for the presence of one or more of aflatoxin, ochratoxin, deoxynivalenol (also known as DON and vomitoxin), and T-2 toxin. This project ran from June 2015 to April 2016.