Janet Reno

Janet Reno

U.S. attorney general

Attorney General of the United States from March 12, 1993 until the end of the Clinton administration (January 2001), Janet Reno was an attorney who held various states attorney positions in the state of Florida prior to her federal appointment. She was the first woman to hold the office of Attorney General of the United States.

Janet Reno was born and grew up in Florida. She left for Cornell University in 1956, majoring in chemistry, and then became one of 16 women in a class of 500 at Harvard Law School.

Facing discrimination as a woman in her early years as a lawyer, she became staff director for the Judiciary Committee of the Florida House of Representatives. After a failed bid for a Congressional seat in 1972, she joined the state's attorney's office, leaving to join a private law firm in 1976.

In 1978, Janet Reno was appointed states attorney for Dade County for Florida, the first woman to hold that position. She then won reelection to that office four times. She was known for working hard on behalf of children, against drug peddlars, and against corrupt judges and police officers.

On February 11, 1993, incoming President Bill Clinton appointed Janet Reno as Attorney General of the United States, after his first two choices had problems getting confirmed, and Janet Reno was sworn in May 12, 1993.

Controversial actions involving Reno during her tenure as U.S. Attorney General included:

1.the Branch Davidian standoff and fire in Waco, Texas, 2.leak of the wrong name of a suspect during the investigation of the Centennial Olympic Park bombing during the 1996 Olympics in Atlanta (and later identification of the correct suspect, Eric Rudolph, who evaded capture until 2003) 3.the return of Elian Gonzalez to his father in Cuba, and 4.her reluctance to appoint a special counsel to investigate allegations about 1996 campaign fund-raising by President Clinton and Vice President Gore.

Other actions of the Department of Justice under Reno's leadership included bringing Microsoft to court for antitrust violations, capture and conviction of the Unabomber, capture and conviction of those responsible for the 1993 World Trade Center bombing, and initiation of a lawsuit against tobacco companies.

In 1995, during her term as Attorney General, Reno was diagnosed with Parkinson's disease. In 2007, when asked how it had changed her lifestyle, she replied, in part, that "I do spend less time doing whitewater."

Janet Reno ran for governor in Florida in 2002, but lost in the Democratic primary. She has worked with the Innocence Project, which seeks to use DNA evidence to help gain release of those who have been wrongfully convicted of crimes.

Janet Reno never married, living with her mother until her mother's death in 1992. Her single status and her 6'1.5" height were the basis of innuendos about her sexual orientation and "mannishness." Many writers have pointed out that male cabinet officials were not subjected to the same kinds of provably-false rumors, comments on dress and marital status, and sexual stereotyping as was Janet Reno.

Photo obtained from: http://www.nndb.com

Janet Reno
Landon Lecture
Oct. 24, 1995