Laws and Regulations
U. S. Department of Labor, Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs
Title IX of the Civil Rights Amendments of 1972
In April 2011, the Office of Civil Rights issued a "Dear Colleague Letter" reminding educational institutions to address incidents of sexual violence not only as crimes, but as violations of Title IX.
In October 2010, the Office of Civil Rights issued a "Dear Colleague Letter" reminding educational institutions that acts of bullying may violate civil rights laws, such as Title IX, in cases in which the conduct is targeted toward an individual because of one's sex.
The United States Department of Education’s Office for Civil Rights (OCR) is the enforcement agency for Title IX. The OCR publishes information on Title IX on its website.
Sexual harassment of students is illegal. A federal law, Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 (Title IX), prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex, including sexual harassment, in education programs and activities.
The revised guidance reaffirms the compliance standards that OCR applies in investigations and administrative enforcement of Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 (Title IX) regarding sexual harassment.
Information and Resources for Pregnant and Parenting Students
Title IX provides for equal educational opportunities for pregnant and parenting students. It prohibits educational institutions from discriminating against pregnant students based upon their marital status and cannot discriminate against a student because of childbirth, false pregnancy, or recovery from related conditions.
A pregnant student should be granted a leave of absence for as long as it is deemed medically necessary for her to be absent, at the conclusion of her leave, she must be allowed to resume the status she held when the leave began.
For further guidance, see "Supporting the Academic Success of Pregnant and Parenting Students" brochure. Although this pamphlet focuses on secondary schools, the legal principles apply to all recipients of federal financial assistance, including postsecondary institutions.
If you have any questions regarding your rights as a pregnant or parenting student, please contact the Title IX Coordinator.