| Animals are used to represent clusters
of skills in The Ring of Valor program for three reasons.
First, they are familiar to children. Each animal is logically
the skill module it represents. Studying the animal could actually
serve as a form for associated learning. For example, what can
learn about ourselves by studying the incredible perceptive skills
of a owl? Second, animals are easy to remember. When faced with
scary situation, a child might tell himself, "think like a fox"
or "find strength like a bear." Third, they can be inspirational.
Each animal has traits that are worthy of admiration. For more information
about each animal and the skill set it represents, click on the pictures
Bibliography on Animals
Ted Andrews, Animal-Wise: The Spirit Language and Signs of Nature
(Jackson, TN: Dragonhawk Publishing, 1999).
Ted Andrews, Animal-Speak: The Spiritual & Magical Powers
of Creatures Great and Small (St. Paul, MN: Llewellyn Publications,
Philip and Stephanie Carr-Gomm, The Druid Animal Oracle (New
York: A Fireside Book, 1994).
Jean Chevalier and Alain Gheerbrant, The Penguin Dictionary of
Symbols (New York: Penguin Books, 1994).
Jamie Sams and David Carson, Medicine Cards: The Discovery of
Power Through the Ways of Animals. (Sante Fe, NM: Bear &
Both of the Andrews books are written for the layman and include
excellent summaries of animal characteristics and symbolic meaning.
Many of the descriptions of the six animals in The Ring of Valor
are drawn from his work. The Penguin book is more technical and
provides excellent insights into the mythological significance of