Federal Trio Programs
Unlike student financial aid programs which help students to overcome financial barriers to higher education, the TRIO Programs have been providing valuable support services to help students successfully attain their education goals for over 50 years.
More than 812,000 first-generation, income limited students and students with disabilities — from sixth grade through college graduation — are served by over 3,100 programs nationally. TRIO programs provide academic tutoring, personal counseling, mentoring, financial guidance, and other supports necessary for educational access and retention. TRIO funds are distributed to institutions through competitive grants.
Thirty-five percent of TRIO students are Whites, 35% are African-Americans, 19% are Hispanics, 4% are Native Americans, 3% are Asian-Americans, and 4% are listed as "Other," including multiracial students. More than 7,000 students with disabilities and approximately 6,000 U.S. veterans are currently enrolled in the TRIO programs as well.
History of TRIO Programs
The TRIO programs were the first national college access and retention programs to address the serious social and cultural barriers to education in America. (Previously only college financing had been on policymakers' radar.) TRIO began as part of President Lyndon B. Johnson's War on Poverty. The Educational Opportunity Act of 1964 established an experimental program known as Upward Bound. Then, in 1965, the Higher Education Act created Talent Search. Finally, another program, Special Services for Disadvantaged Students (later known as Student Support Services), was launched in 1968. Together, this “trio” of federally-funded programs encouraged access to higher education for income limited students. By 1998, the TRIO programs had become a vital pipeline to opportunity, serving traditional students, displaced workers, and veterans. The original three programs had grown to nine, adding Educational Opportunity Centers and Veterans Upward Bound in 1972, Training Program for Federal TRIO programs in 1976, the Ronald E. McNair Post-baccalaureate Achievement Program in 1986, Upward Bound Math/Science in 1990, and the TRIO Dissemination Partnership in 1998.
Kansas State TRIO Programs
Educational Supportive Services (Student Support Services) helps students to stay in college until they earn their baccalaureate degrees. Participants, who include students with disabilities, receive tutoring, counseling and remedial instruction. There are 199,956 students being served at over 944 colleges and universities nationwide.
Ronald E. McNair Post-Baccalaureate Achievement programs encourage income limited and minority undergraduates to consider careers in college teaching as well as prepare for doctoral study. Students who participate in this program are provided with research opportunities and faculty mentors. Currently, there are over 156 McNair programs hosted at universities across the nation serving 3,774 students.