English 650: Paper #2

Prospectus DUE:

in class on Friday, November 3rd.


1-2 pages.

Paper #2 DUE:

in class on Friday, December 1st.


8 pages.

Assignment | Guidelines: Prospectus & Paper | Useful handouts


        For your second paper, you should develop an argument about a novel (or pair of short stories) that you did not write about for the first paper. You can write on one author, one author's novel or poetry, or select two authors to discuss together-the choice is yours. As for Paper #1, your second paper should offer a persuasive argument about a theme or issue or question you see in our readings. A persuasive argument requires a thesis, supporting evidence from the text(s) (direct as well as indirect support), and explanation of that evidence. Your paper should have an introduction which states the thesis, body paragraphs providing the support and explanation of that support, a conclusion, and a "Works Cited" page. (Further guidelines are below.)

        However, your argument for Paper #2 should develop in tandem with recent critical discussions about the author's or authors' work. So, for this paper, I would like you to include at least three other critical voices alongside your own. Your own voice must take precedence, of course, but the other critical opinions should help you argue your ideas. What I mean by this last sentence is that you need to place your voice in relation to the others. It's a good idea to figure out, first, what you want to argue and then see what others have written. What new angle do you have to contribute to the discussion? With which critics do you agree? With which do you disagree? And (in each case) why? Once you figure out these questions, you'll be able to sharpen your thesis accordingly. A word of advice about secondary sources: since the primary piece of evidence is the literary text, remember to include examples from the work of literature to support your claims.

        Above, I said "critical voices": what do I mean? These other critical voices must include at least two scholarly essays, but can include the author's own comments, book reviews, and other media. (If there aren't two scholarly essays, you may substitute essay-length book reviews.) Please use MLA citation style for your quotations, parenthetical citations, and your "Works Cited."

Prospectus Guidelines:

        For your prospectus, offer a 150-200 word abstract of the claims you plan to make about your selected text(s), outlining what questions you wish to pursue and the argument you plan to make. (Obviously, these claims may change as you write, but try to outline the direction of your thoughts.) Also include a list of at least six sources you plan to read to assist the development of your ideas.

        Where should you look for critical resources? Try databases such as the MLA Bibliography (scholarly articles in journals and books), the Hale library catalog (scholarly books), InfoTrack (some scholarly articles and book reviews), or Lexis-Nexis (book reviews since 1985 in British and American periodicals), depending on your choice of author or text. You may use websites, but only alongside of other resources.

        If you do use websites, be especially careful to evaluate your sources: not all websites are equal. For example, consider the following: an article from New York Times Book Review, "Customer Comments" at Amazon.com, a corporate website, an educational website, or a site representing a particular interest (say, the Jehovah's Witnesses). To evaluate each website, ask yourself: whose interests does this site serve? For example, is it a .edu (education), .org (organization), .com (commercial), .gov (government), etc.? Who wrote it? What are the author's credentials? Is she a an expert in her field? Or is he not identified?

        I will read over the prospectus and offer comments and suggestions, but please feel free to meet with me before or after you've written your prospectus. My email address is philnel@ksu.edu.

Paper Guidelines:

Getting Started…

1. Read and Reread; formulate a provisional thesis. Read and reread the work or works you've decided to write about, with a mind to the topic you have chosen. Take careful notes, making note of all relevant words, phrases, images, and (if applicable) illustrations. Formulate a provisional thesis.

2. Evaluate your secondary sources. What are the scholars' arguments? Read and reread the literary work or works in question, with a mind to the scholar's claims, your claims, and evidence (or lack thereof) for both you and the scholar. On what sort of evidence does the scholar's article rely? Is it persuasive? What about your evidence? How does the literary text support your position?

Writing the Paper…

1. The introduction:
a. Where does your paper fit into this discussion? Where do your secondary sources' arguments intersect with your own? Plan to devote your introductory paragraph to positioning your thesis in relation to others'. If you're opening up a new area of scholarship, then begin by noting the shortcomings of your predecessors' arguments. If, on the other hand, your work seems in accord with that of others, begin by indicating how your thesis supports or extends their arguments. Or if you find that some arguments support yours and others do not, then you'll be doing a mix of the above. But, whatever the case may be, conclude your introductory paragraph with a statement of your own thesis.

b. State your thesis. Make sure your thesis is specific enough to be covered adequately in the space of your discussion. Remember: merely noting a difference or similarity does not constitute a thesis. So, it would not be sufficient to say that Donald Barthelme's Snow White deploys a fragmented narrative style. True enough, but so what? Instead, you might argue that the fragmented narrative style of Barthelme's Snow White both replicates and comments upon the socio-political circumstances of its production, actively if imperfectly engaging with ideas of gender, nation, and power in the late 1960s. Refer to the handout titled "Thesis vs. Topic."

2. Each paragraph should begin with a claim. Just as a thesis claim guides the paper as a whole, a paragraph's claim (often referred to as a "topic sentence") guides a paragraph. So, at or near the beginning of each paragraph, include a topic sentence that states your paragraph's central argument. The topic sentence serves as a bridge between thesis and paragraph by making an interpretive claim that indicates how the paragraph will support your thesis.

3. Provide support. To persuade your readers to your position, you will need to provide some evidence in support of your claims. Quotations from the novel should be used as evidence to prove your assertions.

4. Analysis and explanation of evidence. Be sure to analyze the quotation and discuss its significance. Explain for your reader how your evidence supports your claims.

5. Conclusion. Your last paragraph should synthesize, not summarize. You should resolve -- and not merely repeat -- your argument. Think of a conclusion this way: it both reminds your reader of where you've been and suggests new areas to explore.

And, after you finish your draft…

1. Revise and edit. Read your paper out loud to yourself. Often you will hear what your eyes will miss.

2. Grammar and structure are important. To help yourself proofread and revise with both of these ideas in mind, please see the handout titled "Keys to Structure and Style."

3. When in doubt, get help. My office hours are on the syllabus, and by appointment. My email address is philnel@ksu.edu. Also, please make use of a grammar handbook and of the handouts linked to this paper assignment: "Imagery and Figurative Language," "Thesis vs. Topic," and "Keys to Structure and Style."

Useful Handouts: Imagery and Figurative Language | Thesis vs. Topic | Keys to Structure and Style

Return to Syllabus for English 650

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