Essentials of Landscape Ecology
Kimberly A. With
Essentials of Landscape Ecology investigates the causes and
consequences of environmental heterogeneity—the reciprocal effects of
pattern and process—ranging from human land use and management
considerations to the ecological and evolutionary considerations of
biota within landscapes, including aquatic and marine landscapes.
In this new, fully up-to-date
and comprehensive text, the principles and applications of landscape
ecology are presented in an engaging and accessible format. Suitable for
upper-level undergraduate or graduate courses in landscape ecology, this
textbook could also be used as a supplemental text in courses on
forestry, resource and wildlife management, conservation and restoration
biology, and land-use planning. For the professional, this book provides
a complete reference to the important concepts, methods, and
applications of landscape ecology. This book is thus relevant to
ecologists, resource management professionals, wildlife and fisheries
biologists, conservation biologists, land-use planners, and policy
makers who are interested in understanding the consequences of spatial
heterogeneity and/or are charged with incorporating landscape ecological
principles into their research or management programs.
1. What is Landscape Ecology? Foundation and Core Concepts
2. Scaling Issues in Landscape Ecology
3. Landscape Heterogeneity and Dynamics
4. Landscape Pattern Analysis
5. Landscape Connectivity
6. Landscape Effects on Individual Movement and Dispersal: Behavioral
7. Landscape Effects on Population Distributions and Dynamics
8. Landscape Effects on Population Spatial Spread: Range Shifts,
Invasive Spread, and Landscape Epidemiology
9. Landscape Effects on Gene Flow and Population Genetic Structure:
10. Landscape Effects on Community Structure and Dynamics
11. Landscape Effects on Ecosystem Processes and Function
9. With, K. A. 2007.
Invoking the ghosts of landscapes past to understand the landscape ecology of
the present...and the future. Pp. 43-58 in Temporal Explicitness in
Landscape Ecology: Wildlife Responses to Changes in Time (J. A. Bissonette
and I. Storch, editors). Springer, New York.
8. Taylor, P., L. Fahrig, and K. A. With. 2006. Landscape connectivity: back
to the basics. Pp. 29-43 in Connectivity Conservation (K. Crooks and M.
Sanjayan, editors). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
7. With, K. A. 2005. Case study: Assessing extinction risk in
migratory songbirds: the need for landscape-based demographic models. Pp.
449-453 in Principles of Conservation Biology, 3rd edition (M. J. Groom,
G. K. Meffe, C. R. Carroll, and contributors). Sinauer, Sunderland, MA.
6. With, K. A. 2005. Landscape conservation: a new paradigm for the
conservation of biodiversity. Pp. 238-247 in Issues and Perspectives in
Landscape Ecology (J. A. Wiens and M. R. Moss, editors). Cambridge
University Press, Cambridge, UK.
5. With, K. A. 2004. Metapopulation dynamics: perspectives from
landscape ecology. Pp. 23-44 in Metapopulation Dynamics: Ecology, Genetics,
and Evolution of Metapopulations (I. Hanski and O. E. Gaggiotti, editors).
Academic Press, San Diego, CA. [Request
4. With, K. A. 2002. Using percolation theory to assess landscape
connectivity and effects of habitat fragmentation. Pp. 105-130 in Applying
Landscape Ecology in Biological Conservation (K. J. Gutzwiller, editor).
Springer-Verlag, New York.
3. With, K. A. 2002. Landscape connectivity and metapopulation dynamics. Pp.
Learning Landscape Ecology: A Practical Guide to Concepts and Techniques
(S.E. Gergel and M. G. Turner, editors). Springer-Verlag, New York.
2. With, K. A. 1999. Is landscape connectivity necessary and sufficient for
wildlife management? Pp. 97-115 In Forest Fragmentation: Wildlife and
Management Implications (J. A. Rochelle, L. A. Lehmann, and J. Wisniewski,
editors). Brill Academic Publishers, Leiden, The Netherlands.
1. With, K. A. 1994. Updated 2010. McCown's Longspur (Calcarius mccownii).
In The Birds of North America, No. 96 (A. Poole and F. Gill, eds.).
Philadelphia: The Academy of Natural Sciences; Washington, DC.: The American
Ornithologists' Union. Available at:
Birds of North America Online
55. Mendes, P., K. A. With, L. Signorelli, and P. De Marco Jr.
2017. The relative importance of local versus landscape variables on
site occupancy in bats of the Brazilian Cerrado. Landscape Ecology
32: in press.
54. Signorelli, L., R. P. Bastos, P. De Marco Jr., and K. A. With.
Landscape context affects site occupancy of pond-breeding
anurans across a disturbance gradient in the Brazilian Cerrado.
Landscape Ecology 31: 1997-2012.
53. With, K. A. 2016.
Are landscapes more than the sum of
their patches? Landscape Ecology 31: 969-980.
52. With, K. A. 2015.
How fast do migratory songbirds
have to adapt to keep pace with rapidly changing landscapes?
Landscape Ecology 30: 1351-1361.
51. Skelsey, P., K. A. With, and K. A. Garrett. 2013.
Pest and disease management: Why we shouldn't go against the grain.
PLoS ONE 8(9): e75892.
50. Skelsey, P., K. A. With, and K. A. Garrett. 2013.
Why dispersal should be maximized
at intermediate scales of heterogeneity. Theoretical Ecology 6:
49. With, K. A., and D. M. Pavuk. 2012.
Direct versus indirect
effects of habitat fragmentation on community patterns in experimental
landscapes. Oecologia 170: 517-528.
48. Klug, P. E., J. Fill, and K. A. With. 2011.
Spatial ecology of eastern
yellowbelly racer (Coluber constrictor flaviventris) and Great Plains
ratsnake (Pantherophis emoryi) in a contiguous tallgrass-prairie
landscape. Herpetologica 67: 428-439.
47. Blevins, E., S. M. Wisely, and K. A. With. 2011.
Historical processes and landscape
context influence genetic structure in peripheral populations of the collared
lizard (Crotaphytus collaris). Landscape Ecology 26:
46. With, K. A., and D. M. Pavuk. 2011.
Habitat area trumps fragmentation
effects on arthropods in an experimental landscape system. Landscape
Ecology 26: 1035-1048.
45. Blevins, E., and K. A. With. 2011.
Landscape context matters: local
vs. landscape effects on abundance and patch occupancy of collared lizards in
managed grasslands. Landscape Ecology 26: 837-850.
44. Klug, P. E., S. M. Wisely, and K. A. With. 2011.
Population genetic structure and
landscape connectivity of the Eastern Yellowbelly Racer (Coluber constrictor
flaviventris) in the tallgrass prairie of northeastern Kansas, USA.
Landscape Ecology 26: 281-294.
43. Romero, S., J. F. Campbell, J. R. Nechols, and K. A. With. 2010.
Search behavior of red flour
beetle: response to habitat cues and patch boundaries. Environmental
Entomology 39: 919-929.
42. Klug, P. E., S. L. Jackrel, and K. A. With. 2010.
Linking snake habitat use to nest
predation risk in grassland birds: the dangers of shrub cover. Oecologia
41. Klug, P. E., K. A. With, and S. M. Wisely. 2009. Microsatellite isolation
and development in the Eastern yellowbelly racer (Coluber constrictor
flaviventris) for use in landscape genetic studies. (Molecular Ecology
Resources database accessions 37758–37769).
Cited as: Molecular Ecology Resources Primer Development Consortium et al. 2009.
Permanent Genetic Resources added to Molecular Ecology Resources Database 1 May
2009–31 July 2009. Molecular Ecology Resources 9: 1460-1466.
40. Long, A. M., W. E. Jensen, and K. A. With. 2009.
Orientation of Grasshopper Sparrow and
Eastern Meadowlark nests in relation to wind direction. Condor 111:
39. Margosian, M. L. K. A. Garrett, J. M. S. Hutchinson, and K. A. With. 2009.
Connectivity of the American
agricultural landscape: Assessing the national risk of disease and crop pest
spread. BioScience 59: 141-151.
38. Romero, S., J. F. Campbell, J. R. Nechols, and K. A. With. 2009.
Movement behavior in response to
landscape structure: role of functional grain. Landscape Ecology 24:
37. Rahmig, C. J., W. E. Jensen, and K. A. With. 2009.
Grassland bird responses to land
management in the largest remaining tallgrass prairie. Conservation
Biology 23: 420-432.
36. With, K. A., A. W. King, and W. E. Jensen. 2008.
Remaining large grasslands may not be
sufficient to prevent grassland bird declines. Biological Conservation
35. Frey, C. M., W. E. Jensen, and K. A. With. 2008.
Topographic patterns of nest
placement and habitat quality for grassland birds in the Flint Hills.
American Midland Naturalist 160: 220-234.
34. Scheiman, D. M., J. B. Dunning, Jr., and K. A. With. 2007.
Metapopulation dynamics of
Bobolinks occupying agricultural grasslands in the Midwestern United States.
American Midland Naturalist 158: 415-423.
33. With, K. A., G. R. Schrott, and A. W. King. 2006.
The implications of metalandscape
connectivity for population viability in migratory songbirds. Landscape
Ecology 21: 157-167.
32. Schrott, G. R., K. A. With, and A. W. King. 2005.
Demographic limitations of the
ability of habitat restoration to rescue declining populations.
Conservation Biology 19: 1181-1193.
31. Schrott, G. R., K. A. With, and A. W. King. 2005.
On the importance of landscape
history for assessing extinction risk. Ecological Applications 15:
30. With, K. A., and A. W. King. 2004.
The effect of landscape structure on
community self-organization and critical biodiversity. Ecological
Modelling 179: 349-366.
29. With, K. A. 2004. Assessing the risk
of invasive spread in fragmented landscapes. Risk Analysis 24:
803-815. "Recommended" by Faculty of 1000 Biology
28. With, K. A. 2002. The landscape
ecology of invasive spread. Conservation Biology 16: 1192-1203.
27. With, K. A., D. M. Pavuk, J. L. Worchuck, R. K. Oates, and J. L. Fisher.
2002. Threshold effects of landscape
structure on biological control in agroecosystems. Ecological
Applications 12: 52-65.
26. King, A. W., and K. A. With. 2002.
Dispersal success on spatially
structured landscapes: when do spatial pattern and dispersal behavior really
matter? Ecological Modelling 147: 23-39.
25. Sakai, A. K., F. W. Allendorf, J. S. Holt, D. M. Lodge, J. Molofsky, K. A.
With, S. Baughman, R. J. Cabin., J. E. Cohen, N. C. Ellstrand, D. E. McCauley,
P. O'Neil, I. M. Parker, J. N. Thompson, and S. G. Weller. 2001.
The population biology of invasive species.
Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 32: 305-332.
24. With, K. A., and A. W. King. 2001.
Analysis of landscape sources and sinks: the effect of spatial pattern on avian
demography. Biological Conservation 100: 75-88. Recipient
of the 2002 Award for Best Paper published in the field of landscape ecology
23. With, K. A., S. J. Cadaret, and C. Davis. 1999.
Movement responses to patch structure
in experimental fractal landscapes. Ecology 80: 1340-1353.
22. With, K. A., and A. W. King. 1999.
Extinction thresholds for species in
fractal landscapes. Conservation Biology 13: 314-326.
21. With, K. A., and A. W. King. 1999.
Dispersal success in fractal
landscapes: a consequence of lacunarity thresholds. Landscape Ecology
20. With, K. A. 1997. The theory of
conservation biology. Conservation Biology 11: 1436- 1440.
19. With, K. A. 1997. The application of
neutral landscape models in conservation biology. Conservation Biology
18. With, K. A., and A. W. King. 1997.
The use and misuse of neutral landscape models in ecology. Oikos 79:
17. With, K. A., R. H. Gardner, and M. G. Turner. 1997.
Landscape connectivity and population
distributions in heterogeneous environments. Oikos 78: 151-169.
16. With, K. A., and T. O. Crist. 1996.
Translating across scales: simulating
species distributions as the aggregate response of individuals to heterogeneity.
Ecological Modelling 93: 125-137.
15. With, K. A., and T. O. Crist. 1995.
Critical thresholds in species'
responses to landscape structure. Ecology 76: 2446-2459.
Recipient of the 1996 Award for Best Paper published in
the field of landscape ecology (US-IALE)
14. Wiens, J. A., T. O. Crist, K. A. With, and B. T. Milne. 1995.
Fractal patterns of insect movement in
microlandscape mosaics. Ecology 76: 663-666.
13. With, K. A. 1994. Ontogenetic shifts
in how grasshoppers interact with landscape structure: an analysis of movement
patterns. Functional Ecology 8: 477-485.
12. With, K. A. 1994. Using fractal
analysis to assess how species perceive landscape structure. Landscape
Ecology 9: 25-36.
11. With, K. A. 1994. The hazards of
nesting near shrubs for a grassland bird, the McCown's Longspur. Condor
10. With, K. A. and D. R. Webb. 1993.
Microclimate of ground nests: the relative importance of radiative cover and
wind breaks for three grassland species. Condor 95: 401-413.
9. With, K. A., and M. L. Morrison. 1990.
Flock formation of two parids in relation to cyclical seed production in a
pinyon-juniper woodland. Auk 107: 522-532.
8. With, K. A., and R. P. Balda. 1990.
Intersexual variation and factors
affecting parental care in Western Bluebirds: a comparison of nestling and
fledgling periods. Canadian Journal of Zoology 68: 733-742.
7. Morrison, M. L., K. A. With, I. C. Timossi, and K. A. Milne. 1987.
Composition and temporal variation of
flocks in the Sierra Nevada. Condor 89: 739-745.
6. Block, W. M., K. A. With, and M. L. Morrison. 1987.
On measuring bird habitat: influence of
observer variability and sample size. Condor 89: 241-251.
5. Morrison, M. L., K. A. With, I. C. Timossi, W. M. Block, and K. A. Milne.
1987. Foraging behavior of bark-foraging
birds in the Sierra Nevada. Condor 89: 201-204.
4. Morrison, M. L., and K. A. With. 1987.
Interseasonal and intersexual resource partitioning in Hairy and White-headed
woodpeckers. Auk 104: 225-233.
3. Morrison, M. L., I. C. Timossi, and K. A. With. 1987.
Development and testing of
linear regression models predicting bird-habitat relationships. Journal
of Wildlife Management 51: 247-253.
2. Morrison, M. L., K. A. With, and I. C. Timossi. 1986.
The structure of a forest bird
community during winter and summer. Wilson Bulletin 98: 214-230.
1. Morrison, M. L., I. C. Timossi, K. A. With, and P. N. Manley. 1985.
Use of tree species by forest
birds during winter and summer. Journal of Wildlife Management 49: