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Research, Scholarly and Creative Activities, and Discovery (RSCAD) News

July 2, 2015

The weekly RSCAD newsletter provides the latest research news, funding opportunities and academic trends.

K-State in the News

Here's the Best Music to Lull You to Sleep
06/23/15 Huffington Post
Kansas State University’s counseling center suggests adding Baroque or New Age music to your sleep playlist, or any other music that has no defined melody and minimal fluctuations in volume. The University of Nevada Counseling Services recommends Native American and Celtic music, Indian stringed instruments, flutes and light jazz. While rock may not be the best option, acoustic instrumental versions of your favorite songs could be worth a listen.
MediVet Biologics Acquires Exclusive Patent License from Kansas State University

06/29/15 Houston Chronicle
MediVet Biologics today announced that it has acquired US PATENT 7736892 B2. Under the terms of the agreement, MediVet will acquire the rights to a portfolio of cultures, products and methods using Umbilical Cord Matrix Stem Cells (UCMSCs). MB-007 is currently in pre-clinical development as a potential next-generation treatment for various musculoskeletal and internal medicine conditions for mammalian species.

“Our mission as a company has always been to provide novel treatments at an affordable cost to the marketplace. Our entire team is excited to make this announcement and acquire a strong partner in Dr. Mark Weiss and his team at Kansas State University. MediVet Biologics envisions this product as an additional modality for our growing progressive network of Veterinarians at the general practice and specialty levels. We feel this strengthens our portfolio of cellular therapy modalities and allows us to further expand to meet unmet needs in the market. The shifting economic dynamics in the market provides us confidence Veterinary medical professionals are seeking good medicine based in science with potential strong brick and mortar impact,” said MediVet Biologics CEO Jeremy Delk.

These 'Skins' Are In: Students' Designs Give Prosthetics a New Look

06/25/15 Science Daily
A project by Kansas State University interior architecture & product design students is giving individuals with prosthetic limbs a chance to add some personality to their prosthetic and show the students that their discipline goes beyond creating products or designing spaces.

Kansas State-Salina Adds Major for Unmanned Aircraft

06/26/15 KCTV 5
Interest in unmanned aircraft, often called drones, is taking off. In response to the growing demand, the Kansas State University-Salina plans to add a major and two minors focusing on the aircraft. The new courses are scheduled to start in the fall.

Nutrition Experts Offer Tips to Employees Working in Sedentary Environment

06/24/15 Medical News
When it comes to taking a physical activity break at work, it's more about the frequency than duration. That's advice Kansas State University experts in human nutrition and kinesiology are offering to employees working in a sedentary environment who are looking to improve their health.

"When people sit for a long period of time, our body turns off an enzyme called lipoprotein lipase, which helps take in fat and use it for energy," said Sara Rosenkranz, research assistant professor of human nutrition. "Essentially what happens is that enzyme goes away and stops allowing us to uptake the fat that's circulating in our blood and use it for fuel. We also know physiologically that sitting for long periods of time will actually reduce insulin sensitivity and increase circulating triglycerides. These are two things we know are very highly associated with poor chronic health in the long term."

From Our Peers

Too Much Fat, Sugar Linked to Decline in Brain Function

06/23/15 MSN.com
Too much fat and sugar can affect more than one's waistline or likelihood of developing diabetes, according to new research from Oregon State University in Corvallis.   

NASA Working With National Nuclear Security Administration On Plan To Use Nukes On Doomsday Asteroid

06/24/15 Huffington Post
In 2013, researchers at the Asteroid Deflection Research Center at Iowa State University came up with a plan to use a two-section spacecraft to first smash a hole in the asteroid, then dump a nuclear weapon into the crater to blow it up. Bong Wie, the center's director, told Space.com that 99 percent of the pieces left would miss Earth, and most of the rest would burn up in the atmosphere. However, NASA said those smaller pieces could still pose a problem, and the best approach is to deflect rather than destroy. "The trick is to gently nudge the asteroid out of harm's way and not to blow it up," the agency states on its Near Earth Objects website. Setting off a nuclear weapon above the surface of the asteroid would cause a slight change in velocity without damaging the asteroid itself.

Even Fraud-Savvy Investors Often Look for the Wrong Red Flags

06/29/15 Bloomberg
New research identifies the types of investors who are vigilant about corporate fraud, but finds that most of those investors are tracking the wrong red flags - meaning the warning signs they look for are clear only after it's too late to protect their investment. The work was performed by researchers at North Carolina State University, George Mason University, the University of Virginia and the University of Cincinnati.

One of the Biggest Rumors About Why It Took So Long to Find 2 Escaped Murderers is Completely Bogus

06/29/15 Houston Chronicle
When police caught the second escaped convict from the Clinton Correctional Facility in New York near the Canadian border on Sunday a rumor emerged about how he, David Sweat, had evaded police for 23 days using pepper. New York State Police Superintendent Joseph A. D'Amico told reporters that Sweat may have thrown the scent-tracking dogs off his trail by sprinkling pepper in his wake. "We believe that possibly these two males were using pepper to throw the scent off of the dogs that were tracking them," he said. But this is "very unlikely," Paul Waggoner, associate director of Auburn University's Canine Research Detection Institute, told Business Insider by email.

Here’s What We Actually Know About Toxic Fumes On Airplanes

06/29/15 BuzzFeed News
But the facts and the science of cabin air have been disputed since the 1950s, cabin experts said, with notable incidents including a 2008 Alaska Airlines flight in which de-icer fumes sent seven plane crew members to the hospital, and a 2010 U.S. Airways flight where a suspected hydraulic fluid leak sickened crew and passengers. “There is a lot of concern, unfortunately, over ventilation systems,” Ruel Overfelt of Auburn University’s Airliner Cabin Environment Research Center told BuzzFeed News. “It’s a really difficult issue to try and solve because the cases are so rare and each one is different.”

Human, Animal Cancer Specialists Will Compare Notes for the Common Good

06/26/15 Examiner.com
The meeting was inspired by researchers at Colorado State University, home of the renowned Flint Animal Cancer Center. The participants agreed that human and animal oncologists will more effectively pursue cures for the disease in all species by closely collaborating to set a shared research agenda and to devise beneficial clinical trials. 

New Funding Opportunities

The Funding Connection

The Funding Connection is a weekly publication of Research & Sponsored Programs. For more information about individual programs and for applications, please e-mail research@k-state.edu or call 785 532-6195.

Check out this week's new funding opportunities.

RSCAD Trending Topics

Can a Longtime Fraud Help Fix Science?

Diederik Stapel was once known as a clever, prolific social psychologist. The Dutch researcher’s studies on subjects like unconscious stereotyping and the effect of environment on emotion aimed to explain the strangeness of human behavior. Why do we do what we do? How can a deeper understanding of our motivations lead to a better, more humane world? Now Stapel is known for perpetrating one of science’s most audacious frauds. Since 2011, when his fakery was first exposed, more than 50 of Stapel’s papers have been retracted. He made up data for dozens of studies he never conducted. The extent of his deceit is jaw-dropping, and his downfall felt like an indictment of the field.

After Sandusky, A Debate Over Whether Sex-Abuse Law Goes Too Far

University professors in Pennsylvania are upset over a new law that requires them to get a child abuse background check every three years and have their fingerprints taken.

After High-Profile Retraction, ‘Science’ Releases New Transparency Guidelines

The journal Science has released a new set of comprehensive guidelines for publishing research studies in an effort to make them more transparent, The New York Times reports. The release comes after the high-profile retraction of a study that purported to measure the ease with which individuals changed their opinions on the issue of gay marriage.

Comment Request: National Science Foundation Proposal/Award; Information—NSF Proposal and Award Policies and Procedures Guide

In accordance with the requirement of Section 3506(c)(2)(A) of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, we are providing opportunity for public comment on the NSF Proposal and Award Policies and Procedures Guide (PAPPG). The primary purpose of this revision is to implement NSF’s new Public Access Policy, as well as to revise the PAPPG to incorporate a number of other policy-related changes. The draft NSF PAPPG is now available for your review and consideration on the NSF Web site at http://www.nsf.gov/bfa/dias/policy/. To facilitate review, revised text has been highlighted in yellow throughout the document to identify significant changes. A brief comment explanation of the change also is provided. NSF is particularly interested in public comment on the policy changes that are identified in the PAPPG. After obtaining and considering public comment, NSF will prepare the submission requesting OMB clearance of this collection for no longer than 3 years.

A Degree of Uncommon Success

One of the problems with the master’s degree in the arts and sciences has always been its lack of identity and concrete purpose. It’s an award on the way to a doctorate, but it’s also a bauble that gets handed out as a consolation to those who leave the Ph.D. path. It’s a credential to teach school, and for employers who want to make it easier to filter a field of job applicants. It’s also a professional course of training in certain fields. In engineering, for example, the meaning of the master’s degree has no ambiguity at all. It’s a qualification that signifies an expected level of expertise and training. The master’s in engineering is a professionalized degree. What if we professionalized other master’s degrees in the same way?

Escaping the Ivory Tower

We all know that academia can feel like an “ivory tower” at times. You may find yourself wishing that you could write an article that a general audience could understand—something that does not require a theory section in an academic journal that takes 6 months to publish in, which is then inaccessible to your friends and family. When that urge arises, you should try pitching a story to a non-academic outlet.