Research, Scholarly and Creative Activities, and Discovery (RSCAD) News
June 25, 2015
The weekly RSCAD newsletter provides the latest research news, funding opportunities and academic trends.
K-State in the News
06/19/15 Yahoo! Finance
To get ahead, you want to play by the rules — to an extent. But new research suggests that people who were moderate rule-breakers as teenagers — we're talking about skipping class or breaking curfew, not engaging in serious crime — seem to have certain traits that may make them more likely to go onto leadership positions. And, moreover, those traits may be written in your genes. Specifically, in DAT1, a dopamine transporter that's been shown to correlate with certain leadership characteristics. Of course, it's more complicated than that. As it always does, the pendulum swings both ways: in this case, the same rule-breaking inclinations that can make someone a good leader can also get in their way. "It's a mixed blessing," Wen-Dong Li, lead author of the study and an assistant professor of psychological sciences at Kansas State University, tells Business Insider.
Researchers out of Kansas State University surveyed 212 psychology students, all of whom had to rate their level of belief in pure evil, then read one of two fictitious articles about a murder. The results? Those who believed in pure evil were more likely to be fervent supporters of the death penalty. What's surprising: how they'd deal with a perp who seemed like a family man over one who owned his evil.
It's important to have your puppy fully vaccinated against parvovirus before going to the dog park or anywhere else your pup might encounter other dogs, an expert says. Failure to take this precaution could prove deadly for your pet, according to Susan Nelson, clinical an associate professor of clinical sciences at the Veterinary Health Center at Kansas State University. 06/17/15 Chicago Tribune
Parasites are a very popular topic this time of year! Today, veterinary parasitologist Dr. Michael Dryden, of the Department of Diagnostic Medicine and Pathobiology at Kansas State University College of Veterinary Medicine, answers your questions. Dryden speaks around the globe on flea and tick issues, and is known lovingly, no doubt, as "Dr. Flea."
A U.S. patent has been awarded to a Kansas State University technology that quickly detects the early stages of cancer before physical symptoms ever appear. Stefan H. Bossmann, professor of chemistry, Deryl L. Troyer, professor of anatomy and physiology, and Matthew Basel, postdoctoral fellow in anatomy and physiology, developed a nanoplatform technology to detect human cancer cells and tumors in the beginning stages.
From Our Peers
Researchers from Oregon State University (OSU) assessed more than 200 at-risk boys starting at age 12 through age 31, measuring for men's crime, tobacco, alcohol, and marijuana use over the 19-year study period. When controlling for the aging process, "fatherhood was an independent factor in predicting decreases in crime, alcohol and tobacco use," said David Kerr, lead study author and assistant professor of psychology at OSU, in a press release.
A report released Wednesday by the USDA said the plant-based materials industry created four million jobs and contributed $369 billion to the nation's economy in 2013. From sugarcane-based plastic Coke bottles to soybean oil-derived Ford Mustang seat cushions, bio-based manufacturing has accelerated over the last decade. The report, mandated in the 2014 farm bill and commissioned by the USDA was researched and written by professors at Duke University and North Carolina State University.
“I’m just not sure that you can generalize to the extent that you have one overwhelming message that biodiversity reduces disease,” said Daniel Salkeld, a disease ecologist at Colorado State University. He was the lead author of a 2013 paper that found “very weak support at best” for the dilution effect. Instead, that paper argued, disease risk depends on the specific local host species, vector species (that is, the ticks, mosquitoes, and other organisms that transmit a disease from host to host), and the nuances of how they live and interact.
06/17/15 USA Today
Michael Campana, a professor of hydrogeology and water resources at Oregon State University who was not involved in the study, praised the research and said he hopes it will be a "wake-up call" to convince policymakers it's important to study how much water is stored in aquifers.
06/21/15 Washington Times
But earning a return on his investment could prove to be challenging, said Oklahoma State University Agricultural Economist Eric DeVuyst. There are plenty of companies that provide genetic testing and analysis to cattle ranchers. The trouble is creating the right price point, he said. “If this is going to pay, you have to show a clear economic advantage for producers to use this technology,” DeVuyst said. “That has been the challenge with genetic testing: It is difficult to recover your costs.”
Why isn’t policing the food supply working? Because food is just one piece of a much more complicated puzzle. “There are so many risk factors for heart disease,” says Ruth Litchfield associate professor in the Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition at Iowa State University. “There are still behaviors such as smoking, lack of physical activity, excessive weight, high total fat intake. They also contribute. So this one particular component is not the magic bullet.”
New Funding Opportunities
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RSCAD Trending Topics
The anomaly is: There’s no research university, or even a four-year degree-granting university, in Bend, Prineville, Redmond, or elsewhere in Central Oregon. ... It is an anomaly that people in central Oregon are hyper-aware of, and it is part of a years-long local push to expand a branch of Oregon State University Cascades into a standalone four-year school in Bend. The proposed location for the new campus is the subject of lawsuits and local controversy (you can get an introduction from the Bend Bulletin here), but most people we spoke with expected that sooner or later the school will be built.NSA’s surveillance policies shows just how much Americans care about privacy—perhaps on an unprecedented scale. “This is the power of an informed public,” Edward Snowden wrote of Congress’s decision this month to limit the agency’s data-collecting power. “With each court victory, with every change in the law, we demonstrate facts are more convincing than fear.” But when it comes to the future of education in the United States, what if Americans’ privacy concerns are hindering the constructive use of data, from customized student learning to better teaching performance? That’s the tension behind a growing body of education research by private companies, academics, and nonprofits alike.
Cell Death Discovery provides a complementary and unified forum for scientists as well as clinicians within which to publish their work, in conjunction with its sister journals, Cell Death & Differentiation and Cell Death & Disease. Cell Death & Differentiation is devoted to scientific excellence in the field of cell biology, molecular biology, and biochemistry of cell death and disease. Cell Death & Disease focuses on the field of translational cell death and seeks to promote diverse and integrated areas of Experimental and Internal Medicine. The new journal's home page can be found here and is open for submissions now. Articles are published under a CC BY license by default, with other licenses available upon request.Critics have long said graduate students in the humanities take too long -- a decade is not uncommon -- to earn their Ph.D.s. But the calls for reform attracted new converts and grew louder after 2008, when available tenure-track positions in the humanities dropped in number. With fewer available positions, some said, programs needed to help their students accrue less debt and get them out on the job market faster. One of the more prominent calls for reducing time to degree came from the Modern Language Association, which last year published a report advocating that departments adopt a reasonable five-year timeline for graduate study, provide adequate funding within that period and focus more on career preparation. Unflattening, a graphic novel about the relationship between words and pictures in literature. It was published by Harvard University Press and got a starred review in Publishers Weekly the journal Comics Grid wrote that it demonstrated "the viability of a comic book as doctoral scholarship in its own right, rather than a separate work requiring some accompanying critical paratext."