Biology 198
Fall semester sections 07500 and 07510; Ackert 219; WF 1:30-3:20 pm
(The next time Dr. Upton will teach this course will be Fall, 2004)

Updated: 24 August 2000

Instructor: Steve J. Upton, PhD; Ackert 347 (785-532-6639); e-mail:

Course coordinator: David Rintoul, PhD; Ackert 425 (785-532-6663);

Required text: Biology: A Guide to the Natural World. Krogh, D., editor. 1st edition (2000). Please bring the text to EACH class period. There will be reading assignments from the text before each class. PLEASE read the assigned sections prior to coming to class.

Studio manual: Principles of Biology Studio Manual. Rintoul, D.A., Montelone, B., Horne, E., Coles, J., and Decker, M., editors. 2nd edition (2000). This manual will be used every class period and there will be reading assignments from this document before each class. Please bring the manual to EACH class period.

Course Format and Syllabus

General: Principles of Biology (Biology 198) is taught in Ackert Hall, Rm 219. It is an introductory course that covers a wide range of basic biology, and you will need to spend a considerable amount of time studying outside the studio (for instance, an average of 6 hours per week OUTSIDE of class for a C grade). The format of the course is "Studio," meaning that you learn by active participation rather than solely by lectures. For each section of material to be learned, you will be required to perform a variety of laboratory activities including 1) reading the assigned material within the textbook, 2) answering the assigned questions in your studio manual, 3) going through the assigned computer exercises some of which are only accessible within the studio, and 4) completing hands-on laboratory experiments. The studio manual will be your primary record of your class activities and an important study guide for the exams.

Exams: All exams will be multiple choice (4-5 choices per question) and are written by the course coordinator, Dr. Rintoul. Your instructor will not see the exam prior to the exam day. Exams will be given at 6:00 pm, Monday evenings, approximately every other week during the semester. The sole exception is the final, which will be given at (eegad!) 7:30 am on 14 December 2000. The first exam will be comprised of 20 questions (20 points), exams 2-6 will each have 30 questions (30 points each - 150 total points), and the final will have 40 questions (40 points) and is NOT cummulative. Thus, the total number of points for all exams will total 210. Students in sections 07500 and 07510 will take all tests, including the final, in Weber 123. You MUST bring a #2 pencil AND your student ID to each exam. You will need to show the proctor your student ID before he/she will accept your answer sheet.

  1. EXAM #1 (20 points): 6:00 pm, Monday, 11 September 2000 (Introduction and Evolution)
  2. EXAM #2 (30 points): 6:00 pm, Monday, 18 September 2000 (Ecology)
  3. EXAM #3 (30 points): 6:00 pm, Monday, 02 October 2000 (Biological Chemistry and Cell Biology)
  4. EXAM #4 (30 points): 6:00 pm, Monday 16 October 2000 (Genetics)
  5. EXAM #5 (30 points): 6:00 pm, Monday 06 November 2000 (Energetics)
  6. EXAM #6 (30 points): 6:00 pm, Monday 20 November 2000 (Microbes and Plant Biology)
  7. EXAM #7 (40 points): 7:30 am, Thursday 14 December 2000 (Animal Biology)

NOTE: Final grades are assigned as follows: A = 90% or above; B = 80% - 89%; C = 70% - 79%; D = 60% - 69%. You should NOT count on this course being curved.

Exam scores: Exam scores will be posted outside of Ackert 219 sometime around Wednesday afternoon following the exam. The exact time depends heavily on whether the University computer crashes or not. The answer keys will also be posted next to the exam scores. Following each exam, please check your exam scores carefully. If you find an error, contact the graders immediately by leaving a note describing the problem on the door of Ackert 206. You do NOT contact the course coordinator or the instructor. Within a couple of days, the graders will repost your note with their response on the door of Ackert 206. You MUST bring any discrepancies in your exam score to the attention of the graders within two weeks of the time the scores are posted; otherwise, the posted score becomes your permanent score.

Missed exams: If you miss an exam due to a valid excuse such as illness, family emergency, car problems, or brain surgery then contact Trent Armbrust (785-532-5929; in Ackert 131 to schedule a make-up exam. You must sign up for a make-up exam by the end of the Friday of the week you missed the exam; AND, all make-up exams must be taken within two weeks after the exam is missed. The course coordinator has established the policy that there will be NO EXCEPTIONS to these rules.

Exam conflicts: If an exam time conflicts with your schedule for an appropriate reason, then you may take an early exam which will be given on the same day as the evening exam. Valid conflicts include employment, another classes or class events, participation in KSU atheletic events, child care scheduling problems, performance or practice in music or theatre events, car pool commuting schedule conflicts, and military exercises. These early exams are from 12:00 to 2:00 pm in Ackert 112. You must first contact the course coordinator, Dr. David Rintoul in Ackert 425 (785-532-6663; during the week PRIOR to the exam for permission to take the early exam. Do NOT contact your course instructor concerning the early exams. The Division of Biology has mandated that NO early exams will be scheduled for the final.

Daily quizzes: During most class periods you will be asked to take a 1-2 question, 1-2 point quiz. The quiz will usually be given early during a class period, but may occasionally be given at random times. The total number of points for the quizzes will be 30 points. There are NO make-up quizzes and NO early quizzes. Once all added together, these 30 points count the same as an exam score and represent an additional score to your grade (i.e. 210 exam points plus 30 quiz points equals 240 points total for the course).

Attendance: Like it or not, attendance is mandatory. Each day of class your presence will be recorded. You are allowed three absences during the semester without penalty (although you will loose quiz points for that day despite ANY and ALL excuses). You need not justify your absence; it's solely your business. However, if you accumulate more than three absences during the semester, for ANY reason, you will be penalized 5 exam points for each miss beyond the three allowed (about 2% of your total grade for each of these excessive absences). If you attend all laboratory sessions, i.e. that means perfect attendance, you will receive an additional 10 bonus exam points! That's about 4% of your semester grade and the easiest points that you can get in the course. Not coming to class, or arriving after the daily quiz or leaving early, constitutes an absence NO MATTER WHAT THE REASON.

Open studio hours: The studio is staffed and open for walk-ins Wednesdays 6:30-9:00 pm, and again Saturdays 9:30 am until noon. Thus, if you miss a class, this will allow you an opportunity to make up the material for that class. The studio WILL NOT be open for use at any other time.

Other: Each semester, Biology 198 is comprised of numerous studio sections and hundreds of students. Each student has their own unique needs and wants and it simply is impractical to accomodate everyone. Over the years, it has become necessary to mandate a number of rules that are designed to accomodate the needs of the majority, but may at times appear inflexible to a few of you. Nonetheless, these rules are as follows:

  1. No food, drink, or gum in the studio. Not only does this help avoid equipment being ruined, but it helps protect individuals from accidentally ingesting toxic chemicals that may be in the laboratory.
  2. All cell phones and beepers must be turned off prior to entering the studio. These sounds and conversations distract both students and instructors alike. The sole exception will be for those individuals involved in emergency services.
  3. Do not play with knobs, screws, buttons, settings, or anything else on microscopes or other pieces of equipment in the laboratory unless your studio manual, or your instructor, tells you to do so.
  4. Do not talk when the instructors are lecturing. This distracts both the instructors and other students. Please go out to the hallway if you simply cannot hold something inside.
  5. Do not write on desks, carve your initials in the desks, or deface equipment in any way. You may be charged a fee for defacing state property.
  6. Do not ingest any reagents, chemicals, or other items found in the laboratory. Some items in the laboratory that appear harmless may in fact be contaminated with toxic chemicals.
  7. Use the computers for studio work only. Do not use the computers to check your e-mail or for surfing non-pertinent sites. The server keeps a log of where and when all activity occurs on each computer.
  8. Do not attempt to use old studio manuals, or the previous activities of others in the course, to substitute for your own work. Not only are the studio exercises updated each semester, but copying the work of others constitutes academic dishonesty.

Tentative Course Schedule

The following course schedule represents a summation of material you will receive in class the first day. If you wish to access the Principles of Biology material from a non-studio computer, you may do so here

MODULE #1: (Week 1) Introduction

  1. CLASS 1: Wednesday, August 23 - Studio manual pages 1-5. Introduction to the Principles of Biology studio (instructor comments); Introduction to Computers (computer exercise - optional); Introduction to the Microscope (computer exercise); Introduction to the Spectrophotometer (Spec-20 computer exercise)
  2. CLASS 2: Friday, August 25 - Textbook chapter 1 (all); Studio manual pages 7-18. Introduction to Biology (computer exercise)
  3. Introduction to the Scientific Method

MODULE #2: (Week 2) Evolution

  1. CLASS 1: Wednesday, August 30 - Textbook chapters 16 (all), 17 (pp. 327-328 and pp. 333-339), and 19 (all); Studio manual pages 19-28. Evolution I (computer exercise).
  2. CLASS 2: Friday, September 01 - Textbook chapters 18 (all) and 19 (all); Studio manual pages 29-37. Evolution II (computer exercise)

NOTE: EXAM #1 (20 points) over modules 1 and 2 will on Monday at 6:00 pm, 11 September 2000. It does NOT occur on the Monday immediately following completion of these two modules simply because of the Labor Day Holiday on Monday the 4th.

MODULE #3: (Weeks 3-4) Ecology

  1. CLASS 1: Wednesday, September 06 - Textbook chapters 6 (pp. 118-120), 28 (pp. 612-615), and 29 (all); Studio manual pages 39-48. Ecosystems (computer exercise)
  2. CLASS 2: Friday, September 08 - Textbook chapter 28 (pp. 615-624); Studio manual pages 49-62. Populations (computer exercise)
  3. CLASS 3: Wednesday, September 13 - Textbook chapter 28 (pp. 625-636); Studio manual pages 63-74. Communities (computer exercise); Populus program (computer exercise)
  4. CLASS 4: Friday, September 15 - Textbook chapters 6 (pp. 118-120), 28 (all), and 29 (all); Studio manual pages 75-88. Microarthropod slide show (computer exercise); Microarthropod images (computer exercise)

EXAM #2 (30 points) over module 3 will be on Monday at 6:00 pm, 18 September 2000

MODULE #4: (Week 5-6) Biological Chemistry and Cell Biology

  1. CLASS 1: Wednesday, September 20 - Textbook chapters 2 (all) and 3 (all); Studio manual pages 89-103. Introduction to proteins (computer exercise)
  2. CLASS 2: Friday, September 22 - Textbook chapters 2 (pp. 54-58) and 6 (pp. 123-126); Studio manual pages 105-117. Protein denaturation (computer exercise)
  3. CLASS 3: Wednesday, September 27 - Textbook chapters 4 (all) and 5 (pp. 92-97 and pp. 100-102); Studio manual pages 119-132. Animal cell tour (computer exercise)
  4. CLASS 4: Friday, September 29 - Textbook chapters 9 (pp. 176-186) and 26 (570-574); Studio manual pages 133-141. Cell reproduction (computer exercise)

EXAM #3 (30 points) over module 4 will be on Monday at 6:00 pm, 02 October 2000

MODULE #5: (Week 7-8) Genetics

  1. CLASS 1: Wednesday, October 04 - Textbook chapters 9 (pp. 172-179), 13 (all), and 14 (pp. 264-275); Studio manual pages 143-153. DNA (computer exercise); DNA replication (computer exercise); Transcription (computer exercise); Translation (computer exercise)
  2. CLASS 2: Friday, October 06 - Textbook chapters 10 (all), 12 (pp. 233, 237-238), and 14 (pp. 258-259); Studio manual pages 155-168. DNA replication (computer exercise); Transcription (computer exercise); Translation (computer exercise); Meiosis tutorial (computer exercise); Meiosis animation (computer exercise); Crossing over (computer exercise)
  3. CLASS 3: Wednesday, October 11 - Textbook chapters 11 (all) and 12 (all); Studio manual pages 169-181. Introduction to Mendelian genetics (computer exercise); Mendelian genetics 2 (computer exercise); Mendelian genetics problems (computer exercise); Virtual fly laboratory (computer exercise); Practice and review problems (computer exercise) (Mendelian genetics practice questions)
  4. CLASS 4: Friday, October 13 - Textbook chapter 17 (all); Studio manual pages 183-200. Population genetics (computer exercise) (Hardy-Weinberg practice questions)

EXAM #4 (30 points) over module 5 will be on Monday at 6:00 pm, 16 October 2000

MODULE #6: (Week 7-8) Energetics

  1. CLASS 1: Wednesday, October 18 - Textbook chapters 5 (pp. 95-109) and 6 (all); Studio manual pages 201-213. ATP (computer exercise)
  2. No class on Friday, October 20 - Fall break day
  3. CLASS 2: Wednesday, October 25 - Textbook chapter 7 (all); Studio manual pages 215-228. Photosynthesis (computer exercise); Photosynthesis animation (computer exercise); Light reactions (computer exercise)
  4. CLASS 3: Friday, October 27 - Textbook chapter 8 (all); Studio manual pages 229-244. Cellular respiration (computer exercise); Oxidative phosphorylation (computer exercise); Bioluminescence (computer exercise)
  5. CLASS 4: Wednesday, November 01 - Textbook chapters 8 (pp. 159-164) and 27 (pp. 656-659); Studio manual pages 245-257. US Census population PopClock (computer exercise); IntlPop (computer exercise); Population growth simulation (computer exercise); Energy (computer exercise)

EXAM #5 (30 points) over module 6 will be on Monday at 6:00 pm, 06 November 2000

MODULE #7: (Week 7-8) Microbes and Plant Biology

  1. CLASS 1: Friday, November 03 - Textbook chapter 20 (pp. 395-402); Studio manual pages 259-268. Biology of microbes
  2. CLASS 2: Wednesday, November 08 - Textbook chapters 19 (pp. 379-381), 20 (pp. 410-413), 21 (pp. 418-427 and pp. 430-433), and 22 (pp. 449-450 and pp. 464-471); Studio manual pages 269-282. Plant Biology I: No computer exercises.
  3. CLASS 3: Friday, November 10 - Textbook chapters 21 (pp. 427-430 and pp. 432-439) and 22 (pp. 449-459 and pp. 471-472); Studio manual pages 285-296. Plant Biology 2: Water transport (computer exercise); Transport of organic nutrients (computer exercise)
  4. CLASS 4: Wednesday, November 15 - Textbook chapters 21 (pp. 424-425, pp. 428-429, pp. 433-434, p. 438, and figure 21.28) and 22 (pp. 452-453 and pp. 460-464); Studio manual pages 297-306. Plant Biology 3: Introduction to the greenhouse effect (computer exercise); C3 vs C4 photosynthesis (computer exercise); Prairie plant research chambers (computer exercise); Carbon dioxide effects on prairie plant growth (computer exercise); Role of carbon dioxide in global warming (computer exercise); Climate change and Kansas (computer exercise)

EXAM #6 (30 points) over module 7 will be on Monday at 6:00 pm, 20 November 2000

MODULE #8: (Week 7-8) Animal Biology

  1. CLASS 1: Friday, November 17 - Textbook chapters 20 (pp. 402-413), 23 (all), and 26 (all); Studio manual pages 307-323.
  2. No class on Wednesday and Friday, November 22 and 24 - Thanksgiving break
  3. CLASS 2: Wednesday, November 29 - Textbook chapters 24 (pp. 517-518) and 25 (pp. 551-559); Studio manual pages 325-337. Digestive system tour (computer exercise); Fetal pig review (computer exercise)
  4. CLASS 3: Friday, December 01 - Textbook chapters 24 (pp. 521-532) and 25 (pp. 540-551); Studio manual pages 339-351. Fetal pig review 1 (computer exercise); Blood flow through the heart (computer exercise); The immune system (computer exercise); Fetal pig review 2 (computer exercise).
  5. CLASS 4: Wednesday, December 06 - Textbook chapters 24 (pp. 506-520), 25 (pp. 559-564), and 27 (all); Studio manual pages 353-365. Kidney function (computer exercise); Fetal pig urogenital system (computer exercise); Fetal pig review 1 (computer exercise); Fetal pig review 2 (computer exercise)
  6. CLASS 5: Friday, December 08 - Textbook chapters 23 (pp. 492-503) and 24 (pp. 506-516); Studio manual pages 367-383. Different types of brains (computer exercise); Conduction of nerve impulses (computer exercise); Reflex arc (computer exercise); Sliding filament model (computer exercise); Antagonistic muscles (computer exercise); Reaction time (computer exercise); Fetal pig review 1 (computer exercise); Fetal pig review 2 (computer exercise)

EXAM #7 (40 points) over module 8 will be on Thursday at 7:30 am, 14 December 2000. This is the final and it is NOT cummulative.

Scheduled Help Sessions

  1. Monday, August 28, Ackert 120, 4:00-5:00 pm
  2. Tuesday, September 05, Ackert 120, 5:30-7:00 pm
  3. Sunday, September 10, Ackert 120, 4:00-5:30 pm
  4. Monday, September 11, Ackert 120, 4:00-5:00 pm
  5. Sunday, September 17, Ackert 120, 4:00-5:30 pm
  6. Monday, September 18, Ackert 120, 4:00-5:00 pm
  7. Monday, September 25, Ackert 120, 4:00-6:00 pm
  8. Sunday, October 01, Ackert 120, 4:00-5:00 pm
  9. Monday, October 02, Ackert 120, 4:00-5:00 pm
  10. Monday, October 09, Ackert 120, 4:00-6:00 pm
  11. Sunday, October 15, Ackert 120, 4:00-5:00 pm
  12. Monday, October 16, Ackert 120, 4:00-5:00 pm
  13. Monday, October 23, Ackert 120, 4:00-6:00 pm
  14. Monday, October 30, Ackert 120, 4:00-6:00 pm
  15. Sunday, November 05, Ackert 120, 4:00-5:30 pm
  16. Monday, November 06, Ackert 120, 4:00-5:00 pm
  17. Monday, November 13, Ackert 120, 4:00-6:00 pm
  18. Sunday, November 19, Ackert 120, 4:00-5:30 pm
  19. Monday, November 20, Ackert 120, 4:00-5:00 pm
  20. Monday, November 27, NO REVIEW SESSION
  21. Monday, December 04, Ackert 120, 4:00-6:00 pm
  22. Wednesday, December 13, 4:00-5:30 pm, ROOM TO BE ARRANGED

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