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Lafene Health Center

Contraception: Options and Obtaining

Steps to obtaining a form of birth control

An appointment can be made by:
    • Calling Lafene at 785.532.6544 or coming to Lafene during hours of operation to schedule a future appointment.
    • *Note: An appointment must be made to discuss starting birth control or reviewing birth control options prior to a prescription for birth control.

Confidential counseling and an educational session are offered to all students prior to obtaining a desired form of birth control. Contraceptive methods may be obtained at this visit. Some contraceptive methods can be used to skip your period. A preliminary examination is completed at the initial visit which includes: height, weight, blood pressure, a brief health history, and laboratory work when necessary. The well-woman physical examination follows which includes: breast exam, pelvic exam, pap smear (when indicated), gonorrhea and chlamydia screening when necessary. HIV testing is also available with same day results.

Contraceptive options

Plan B emergency contraception is now available over-the-counter.

Combined contraceptives:

Disease prevention & information

Internet resources:

MethodKey advantagesKey disadvantagesEffectiveness
(1 Year)
Periodic abstinence
  • Requires no other intervention
  • Requires careful planning and motivation
  • Prohibits intercourse up to half the menstrual cycle
  • Not for women with irregular cycles
80-99%
Birth control patch
  • Applied once per week for 3 weeks, no patch during week 4
  • Reversible
  • No need to remember daily
  • Must be remembered/changed weekly
  • Increases risk of blood clots, heart attack, stroke, especially in smokers over 35
  • Common side effects may include nausea, headaches, and breast tenderness
99%
Birth control pill
  • Continuous contraceptive protection when taken correctly
  • Reversible
  • Some noncontraceptive health benefits
  • Must be remembered/taken daily
  • Increases risk of blood clots, heart attack, stroke, especially in smokers over 35
  • Common side effects may include nausea, headaches, and breast tenderness
99% or greater when taken correctly
Condom (alone)
  • Easily obtained
  • Best method for STD protection
  • Good results when used with spermicide
  • May reduce sensation
  • Less sexual spontaneity
  • Breakage possible
  • Provided by male partner
88-98%
Depo Provera
(depot medroxprogesterone acetate)
  • Continuous contraceptive protection for 3 months
  • No need to remember daily
  • Reversible
  • May require a clinic visit every 11-13 weeks for injection
  • Possibility of delayed return to fertility (4-5 months)
  • Some side effects, such as weight change, menstrual bleeding irregularities
  • Possible bone loss that may be reversible
99% or greater
Diaphragm (with spermicide)
  • Insertion up to 6 hours before intercourse
  • Reapplication necessary for repeated intercourse
  • Comfort level with insertion important
  • Increases risk of urinary tract, bladder infections
82-94%
Implantable
Patient information
  • Discreet
  • Continuous contraceptive protection for 3 years
  • Reversible
  • Irregular/unpredictable spotting or bleeding
  • Minor office procedure to insert and remove implant
99% or greater
Intrauterine device (IUD)
  • Continuous contraceptive protection for up to 10 years
  • No need to remember daily
  • May be expelled or perforate uterus
99% or greater
Spermicide (alone) (foams, gels, creams)
  • Easily obtained
  • Good results when used with barrier methods
  • Insertion necessary within half hour of intercourse
  • Reapplication necessary for repeated intercourse
  • May be messy
  • May increase risk of urinary tract infections, especially when used with diaphragm
79-97%
Tubal ligation (female sterilization)
  • Continuous contraceptive protection
  • Permanent method
  • Surgical procedure
99% or greater
Vaginal ring
  • Inserted once per month and left in place for 3 weeks. During week 4 the ring is not worn.
  • No need to remember daily
  • Must learn to insert the ring
  • The ring should not be taken out for more than three hours. Intercourse can occur with the ring in place, without the user or partner noticing the ring.
  • Increases risk of blood clots, heart attack, stroke, especially in smokers over 35
  • Common side effects may include nausea, headaches, and breast tenderness
99%
Vasectomy (male sterilization)
  • Continuous contraceptive protection
  • No need to remember daily
  • Provided by male partner
  • Surgical procedure
  • Permanent method
99% or greater

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