John Kraft, M.S. Student
Dr. David Haukos
Kansas Department of Wildlife, Parks,
Christian Hagen, Kansas Department of Wildlife, Parks,
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Great Plains LCC
USDA Forest Service
Western Kansas and eastern Colorado
Status: Initiation Spring 2014
Lesser prairie-chicken (Tympanuchus pallidicinctus)
Progress and Results:
Lesser prairie-chickens (Tympanuchus pallidicinctus; hereafter LPC) and their status throughout
their five-state range are popular topics of conversation. The listing of LPCH as "Threatened" under the
Endangered Species Act has stimulated conservation efforts and plans for management. The majority of the
individuals that persist occur in within the Kansas and Colorado borders. However, most research
investigating LPCH has been concentrated on southern populations (Texas, Oklahoma, and New Mexico). This
project aims to assist in the management of LPCH within the northern reaches of LPCH range by answering
questions in regard to habitat selection, livestock grazing and its effects on LPCH, and predator community
influences on LPCH habitat use and success. Collaborating researchers are determining demographic
characteristics for the species within Kansas and Colorado. From this information (movements, survival,
recruitment), habitat types that are selected by adult LPCH females for various ecological functions (nesting,
brooding, non-breeding seasons) will be determined and quantified in terms of size, vegetation, and management.
These inferences will then aid in the determination of target habitats that are essential pieces for landscape
management of LPCH. Common livestock grazing strategies and practices within the Kansas and Colorado LPCH
range are also important to large scale management. Adult females have been trapped, marked, and being
monitored via telemetry on selected ranching operations at each field site. Habitat use and success
(recruitment and survival) of adult female LPCH will be investigated among the various grazing techniques
represented at each field site. This will assist managers (private and public) in the future by helping shape
grazing operations towards LPCH management goals. Predator populations are currently being monitored via road
surveys (avian) and motion-sensored camera traps (mammalian). Relative values of abundance for LPCH predator
species will be determined spatially (across habitats) and temporally (thought breeding season). These values
will then be used to make inferences about LPCH adult survival and habitat selection across various time periods
and habitats. Results of this project will contribute to effective population management and hopefully the
delisting of LPCH from the Endangered Species Act.
Kraft, J.D. 2015. Third-order selection of a prairie specialist lesser prairie-chicken habitat selection in varying landscapes. Division of Biology, Graduate Student Forum.
Kraft, J.D., and D.A. Haukos. 2015. Landscape level habitat selection of female lesser prairie-chickens in western Kansas and eastern Colorado. International Grouse Symposium, Reykjavik, Iceland.
Kraft, J.D., J. Lautenbach, D. Haukos, J. Pitman, and C. Hagen. 2015. Female lesser prairie-chicken response to grazing in western Kansas grasslands. Biennial meeting of the Prairie Grouse Technical Council, Nevada, Missouri.
Kraft, J.D., J. Lautenbach, D. Haukos, J. Pitman, and C. Hagen. 2015. Female lesser prairie-chicken response to grazing in western Kansas grasslands. Annual meeting of the Central Mountains and Plains Section of The Wildlife Society, Manhattan, Kansas.
Kraft, J.D., J. Lautenbach, D.A. Haukos, and J.C. Pitman. 2015. Seasonal habitat selection by female lesser prairie-chickens in varying landscapes. Kansas Natural Resource Conference, Wichita.
Kraft, J.D., J. Lautenbach, D.A. Haukos, J.C. Pitman, and C.A. Hagen. 2015. Female lesser prairie-chicken response to grazing practices in western Kansas grasslands. Annual Meeting of the Society of Range Management, Sacramento, CA.
Kraft, J.D., S.G. Robinson, R.T. Plumb, and D.A. Haukos. 2015. Landscape characteristics of home ranges of lesser prairie-chickens. Joint meeting of American Ornithologists' Union and Cooper Ornithological Society, Norman, OK.