The military institutions of Imperial China have received much attention from Chinese and Japanese scholar but have largely been ignored in the West. For a quick overview, see the dynasty-by-dynasty introductory section in Charles O. Hucker, A Dictionary of Official Titles in Imperial China (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1985). The introductory chapter of Philip A. Kuhn, Rebellion and Its Enemies in Late Imperial China: Militarization and Social Structure, 1796-1864 (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1970) is also useful. One of the very few monographs in English is Ch'i-ch'ing Hsiao, The Military Establishment of the Yüan Dynasty (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1978). For the Ming dynasty's military system, see Romeyn Taylor, "Yüan Origins of the Ming Wei-so System," in Charles O. Hucker, ed., Chinese Government in Ming Times: Seven Studies (New York: Columbia University Press, 1969).