The history of TRIO is progressive. It began with Upward Bound, which emerged out of the Economic Opportunity Act of 1964 in response to the administration's War on Poverty. In 1965, Talent Search, the second outreach program, was created as part of the Higher Education Act. In 1968, Student Support Services, which was originally known as Special Services for Disadvantaged Students, was authorized by the Higher Education Amendments and became the third in a series of educational opportunity programs. By the late 1960's, the term "TRIO" was coined to describe these federal programs.
Unlike student financial aid programs which help students to overcome financial barriers to higher education, the TRIO Programs have been providing valuable support services to help students from low income and working families successfully enter college and graduate for over 30 years.
TRIO programs are hosted at colleges, universities and agencies throughout the United States, Caribbean, and Pacific Islands. Today over 2,400 colleges, universities and community agencies host over 2,600 TRIO Programs serving 823,000 young people and adults. Thirty-seven percent (37%) of TRIO students are White, 35% are African-American, 19% are Hispanic, 4% are American Indian and 4% are Asian-American. Sixteen thousand (16,000) TRIO students are disabled.
STUDENT SUPPORT SERVICES helps students to stay in college until they earn their baccalaureate degrees. Participants, who include disabled students, receive tutoring, counseling and remedial instruction. There are 199,956 students being served at over 944 colleges and universities nationwide.
TALENT SEARCH programs serve young people in grades six through twelve. In addition to counseling, participants receive information about college admissions requirements, scholarships and various student financial aid programs. This early intervention program helps young people to better understand their educational opportunities and options. Over 320,854 Americans are enrolled in 360 Talent Search TRIO Programs.
UPWARD BOUND helps young people and adults prepare for higher education. Participants receive instruction in literature, composition, mathematics and science on college campuses after school, on Saturdays and during the summer. Currently, 772 programs are in operation throughout the United States.
UPWARD BOUND MATH SCIENCE helps students from low-income families, where neither parent graduated from college, strengthen math and science skills. In addition, students learn computer technology as well as English, foreign language and study skills. Over 124 programs are serving students throughout the country.
VETERANS UPWARD BOUND programs provide intensive basic skills development and short-term remedial courses for military veterans to help them successfully transition to postsecondary education. Veterans learn how to secure support from available resources such as the Veterans Administration, veterans associations and various state and local agencies that serve veterans. Approximately 4,200 participants are served annually.
EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITY CENTERS, located throughout the country, primarily serve displaces or underemployed workers. These Centers help people to choose a college and a suitable financial aid program. There are over 139 Educational Opportunity Centers in America serving 160,832 individuals.
RONALD E. McNAIR POST-BACCALAUREATE ACHIEVEMENT programs encourage low-income and minority undergraduates to consider careers in college teaching as well as prepare for doctoral study. Students who participate in this program are provided with research opportunities and faculty mentors. Currently, there are over 156 McNair programs hosted at universities across the nation serving 3,774 students.
CHILD CARE ACCESS MEANS PARENTS IN SCHOOL (CCAMPIS) program is the newest addition to the TRIO family of programs. CCAMPIS supports the participation of low-income parents in the postsecondary education system through the provision of campus-based childcare services. The Higher Education Act of 1965, as amended, authorizes the Secretary of Education to award grants to institutions of higher education to assist the institution in providing campus-based child care services to low-income students.