- Web Resources for
- The Bloomsbury Group
- Additions expected -- please be sure to visit
Below you'll find web links for the authors and works we're
reading this summer, as well as recommendations for further reading.
Some sites are better than others; as always when using the web,
evaluate not only the quantity of the information presented, but
its quality (the source of that information or its sponsor, date
On Literary Periods, Genres, and Styles
Literary Genres and Styles
- View a picture of 46 Gordon Square, where it all began.
- 22 Hyde Park Gate, Woolf's childhood home, has been renovated for purchase: Read about the property -- and a typical description of Woolf in the public press -- in Duncan Farmer's "A luxurious flat of one's own" (The Times, 15 July 2005).
- A history of the Bloomsbury area of London.
- A virtual tour, sponsored by the 24 Hour Museum, for "To the Lighthouse and Beyond -- AVirginia Woolf Trail," which offers chronological and biographical information about and links to the locations Woolf and Bloomsbury made famous.
- A photograph of Talland House, and one of the family at Talland House, from Sir Leslie Stephen's photograph album (Mortimer Rare Book Room, Smith College),
- A web page on Charleston, the home of Vanessa Bell and Duncan Grant, sponsored by the Charleston Trust.
- A site of web links on Virginia Woolf and British Gardens, including links to Kew Gardens, Talland House in Cornwall (childhood summer home of Woolf and site for To the Lighthouse), Hogarth House (original site of the Woolfs' Hogarth Press), and Sissinghurst (gardens of Vita Sackville-West). Also visit the pictures of the Woolfs' country home, Monks House, where Leonard and Virginia lived together from 1916 until her death in 1941. (Leonard continued to live here in the years following.)
- Art and Design
- Bloomsbury: Art, Books, and Design, an exhibition at Victoria University Library, Toronto (1997). From this page, you can view works by Vanessa Bell, Duncan Grant, Dora Carrington, Roger Fry, Quentin Bell, and Stephen Tomlin. You can also view the holdings according to the following categories: Portraits, Omega Workshops, Dust Jackets designed by Vanessa Bell, Hogarth Press Illustrated Dust Jackets, and Hogarth Press Handprinted Books.
- Information about the Omega Workshops and the Hogarth Press.
- The Tate Archive provides an illustrated discussion of the Group's artists.
- A collection of paintings by Vanessa Bell and Duncan Grant I have assembled for our class.
- "The Art of Bloomsbury," a special exhibit at the Tate Gallery (from 4 November to 20 January 2000) and then at the Yale Center for British Art (New Haven, CT May 20 - September 3, 2000), including Symposia on "The Art of Bloomsbury." (Link courtesy of the Internet Archive.)
- bloomsburyart.com was set up to complement the exhibition at the Tate; this online exhibition provides links to several paintings by Vanessa Bell, Duncan Grant, and one by Roger Fry. (Link courtesy of the Internet Archive.)
- Critical Commentaries
- "Bloomsbury Comes in from the Cold" (the Guardian, 25 June 1999) recites the range of bitter comments that the Group can elicit from the British press, while Philip Hensher's opinion piece for the Telegraph (26 Jan 2003) offers several, mostly on Woolf..
Members of the Group
- The Knitting Circle's page on the artist Duncan
Grant provides biographical and annotated bibliographical
- A selection of Grant's work.
- A collection of paintings
by Vanessa Bell and Duncan Grant I have assembled for our class.
John Maynard Keynes
- A biography
of Keynes at Spartacus with hyperlinks.
- The Knitting Circle's page on the political economist Maynard Keynes
provides biographical and bibliographical information.
Karin Costelloe Stephen
- Biographical information about the author and historian Lytton Strachey at the Harry Ransom Research Library where Strachey's papers are housed.
- The Knitting Circle's page on Lytton
Strachey provides biographical and annotated bibliographical
- Miranda Seymour's review for the Times (13 Feb 2005) of Barabra Cain's Bombay to Bloomsbury: A Biography of the Stracheys (2005) provides some information about Lytton Strachey's family.
- Paul Levy's review of Strachey's collected letters, "Bloomsbury's Final Secret" (Telegraph, 14 March 2005), offers some previously unknown information about Strachey's life.
- Allan Hollinghurst's review, "Eminent Anti-Victorian" (New York Review of Books, 9 March 2006), of Paul Levy's edition of Strachey's letters offers further information.
- Information on Florence Nightingale, one of Strachey's Eminent Victorians:
- Biographical information, the famous Illustrated London News wood-cut illustration, and exerpts from her writings are available from the "Florence Nightingale" page at Spartacus.
- A brief overview of her life and work is available from the BBC History web site, as well as a link to an audio file of her voice.
- A history of the Crimean War.
- "Florence Nightingale, Avenging Angel" is a page devoted to a recent book and BBC production on Nightingale and the controversy surrounding its depiction of her. (From its description on this site, it would appear that Strachey was ahead of his time.) It also has links to information and photos of Scutari.
- "Women of the World Unite..." (Guardian, 29 Jan 2005), an article about earlier manuscript versions of Nightigale's Cassandra, offers further insight into her life.
- Information about Dr. Arnold, another of Strachey's Eminent Victorians:
biography of Leonard Woolf at Spartacus with hyperlinks.
- Biographical information about Leonard Woolf and information about his papers, housed at theWashington State University.
- Victoria Glendinning, a recent biographer of Leonard Woolf, talks about his life in a BBC "Great Lives" radio show (22 Oct 2004).
- Information on The
Nation at Spartacus, the liberal journal Leonard Woolf edited
- Maureen Dowd's editorial for the New York Times, "History up in Smoke" (16 April 2003), concludes with the mention of Leonard Woolf's comment on occupation of other countries.
- Biographical information on Woolf
- A biography of Woolf at Spartacus with hyperlinks.
- A brief biography from the BBC. (A series of links with biographical information and pictures at BBC Knowledge is no longer available, except through a link from the Internet Archive.)
- The Guardian's Author Page for Virginia Woolf, with a brief biography and overview of her work, along with links to Guardian articles about her work.
- A detailed chronology of Woolf's life at the Virginia Woolf Web. (Note: many links do not work, but the information in the chronology is accurate.)
- The Knitting Circle's page on Woolf provides some biographical and annotated bibliographical information.
- Read The New York Times obituary for Woolf.
- "Leslie Stephen's Photograph Album" provides a collection of photographs from the album of Sir Leslie Stephen (1832-1904), Woolf's father. The album, held in the Mortimer Rare Book Room of the Library at Smith College, offers a visual documentary of Woolf's extended family and her early life, including photographs by Julie Margart Cameron. Of special note:
- View several portraits of Virginia Woolf:
- Hear Virginia Woolf's voice as she speaks a few words about English speech from a link available at this site. (The sound clip is also available from the BBC.)
- Hermione Lee reviews The Hyde Park Gate News: The Stephen Family Newspaper, by Virginia Woolf and Vanessa Bell, with Thoby Stephen, edited by Gillian Low, in "To the Gate House" (Guardian, 14 Jan 2006).
- General resources and information on Woolf's work
- The Virginia Woolf Web has been the most comprehensive of all the sites on Woolf, but its links aren't always current, and so it's now rather hit or miss. It has four parts: Life and Works of Virginia Woolf, VWWI Links 1 (Woolf Studies on the Web), VWW Links 2 (Places of Interest, Hotch-Potch, and Film), and VWW Links 3 (The Bloomsbury Group and Others), as well as other resources.
- A wide-ranging series of links about Woolf's work through Literaryhistory.com, including links to New York Times reviews of her novels.
- "Woolf in the World: A Pen and Press of Her Own" presents a wealth of information about her work from the archives at the Mortimer Rare Book Room, Smith College.
- "Virginia Woolf: A Botanical Perspective" (Smith College) "explores the ubiquitous and powerful presence of plants and flowers in Virginia Woolf's life and work."
- Read Woolf's essay on film, "The Movies and Reality," first published in The New Republic on 4 August 1926.
- Read about the publication of early scholarship on Woolf: Ruth Gruber's Virginia Woolf: A Study (1935, 2005).
- Web resources on particular works:
- The Voyage Out:
- Author Michael Cunningham's essay at Salon magazine (adapted from his introduction to the Modern Library edition of The Voyage Out) provides a thoughtful discussion of this first novel and Woolf's career.
- "Thunder at Wembly":
- To the Lighthouse:
- Study questions by Cathy Decker.
- A structural outline of To the Lighthouse by E. K. Sparks (Clemson University).
- A reading of Woolf's narrative strategies in To the Lighthouse in light of the male and masculine modernism of Woolf's contemporaries. (Link courtesy of the Internet Archive.)
- The fairy tale "The Fisherman and His Wife" which Mrs. Ramsay reads to James in Part I. (Another version of the tale is available as well.)
- Poetry quoted during the novel includes Browne's "Siren's Song," Cowper's "The Castaway," Elton's "Luliana Lurilee," Shakespeare's Sonnet No. 98, and Tennyson's "The Charge of the Light Brigade." (A separate web page,"Allusions in Woolf's To the Lighthouse," should also provide the text to these poems. For historical information about the subject of Tennyson's poem, listen to "Retelling the Tale of the Light Brigade" at NPR, which includes excerpts from Tennyson's poem and a recording from 1890 of the "charge" itself on the original horn by the man who sounded it on 25 October 1854.)
- Context for Woolf's discussion of nature in Part II: Excerpts (LIV-LVI) from Tennyson's In Memorium (link courtesy of the Internet Archive). (Alternate page: Excerpts [LV-LVI] from Tennyson's poem.)
- Presentation on Woolf's holograph draft. (Note: Can only be viewed in Internet Explorer.)
- Lily's painting may have been inspired by this photograph of Woolf's mother holding Vanessa, and this photograph of Julia at a window of Talland House, with Virginia and Adrian.
- The Waves:
- Three Guineas:
- Ellen Goodman's syndicated op-ed column, "Are women now insiders on the war?" (27 March 2003) looks at gender and the war with Iraq through the lens of Woolf's Three Guineas.
- A brief biographical
- His essay on Woolf's The Voyage Out, at Salon magazine.
- Cunningham reflects on the translation of The Hours for the big screen in "For 'The Hours,' an Elation Mixed with Doubt" (The New York Times, 19 Jan 2003), and on the fame the novel's publication and prizes have brought in "Mrs Dalloway Started Writer on Path to Fame" (The Salisbury Post, 28 March 2004).
- Reviews and commentary on the film of The Hours:
- Philip Hensher's vitrolic opinion piece blasts The Hours as well as Woolf's work.
- Roberta Rubenstein's "To the Litehouse" (26 Jan 2003) in the Washington Post questions Steven Daldry's and Nicole Kidman's portrayal of Woolf in the film.
- A Woolf biographer, Hermione Lee, offers her reading of the film in "Ways of Dying" (Guardian, 8 Feb 2003).
- Woolf scholars, including Jane Marcus, Brenda Silver (author of Virginia Woolf Icon), and Vara Neverow (President of the International Virginia Woolf Society), are quoted in Patricia Cohen's article "The Virginia Woolf of 'The Hours' Angers the Real One's Fans" (New York Times, 15 Feb 2003).
- An interview with playwright David Hare, "Keeping Time"(Feb 2003), about the script for The Hours.
- An interview with Michael Cunningham and Steven Daltry (director of The Hours) at the LA Times (16 March 2003), "Breakfast with Virginia Woolf," about their experience first reading Woolf and about British reception of the film.
- In light of the film The Hours, read Woolf's essay on film, "The Movies and Reality," first published in The New Republic on 4 August 1926.
- Read the lyrics to "Virginia
Woolf," a song written and performed by the Indigo Girls
(Emily Saliers and Amy Ray).
- Read the obituary for Nicholson from The Washington Post.
Alice Walker Page offers detailed information about Walker's
life and works, with links to bibliographies, book reviews, interviews,
and the works themselves.
- Recommended reading: "In Our Mother's Garden" &
the Pulitzer prize-winning The Color Purple (1982).
- A history of writer, poet and gardener Vita Sackville-West and her amazing family home, Knole, owned since 1566 when Queen Elizabeth granted the great house to Thomas Sackville. (Vita is the model for Woolf's mock biography Orlando, published 1928.) (Link no longer available.)
- A biography of Sackville-West.
- Portraits of Vita at the National Portrait Gallery.
- Resources on Knole and Sissinghurst.
- The British Council's Author Page on Winterson provides a biography. (Note: In the "Critical Perspective" section of this page, the author incorrectly identifies Henri of The Passion as a woman; critics usually read this character as male.)
- Be sure to visit Jeanette Winterson's own site for a wealth of information, including Winterson's monthly columns to her readers and links to her journalism.
- The Jeanette Winterson Reader's Site offers extensive information about Winterson and her work, as well as links to interviews, criticism, and other sites.
- Read an interview with Winterson about her recent novel, The.Powerbook, at Amazon.co.uk.
- For a discussion of the way Winterson's persona has been presented in the media, you might enjoy a paper I presented a few years ago: "With 'money and a room of her own': The Legacy of Woolf's Advice for the Woman Artist at Century's End."
- Read Winterson's essay announcing her new editions of Woolf's work, "Who's Afraid of Virginia Now?", at The Times (25 May 2000).
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