Outline for Resource Strategies of Wild Plants

Joseph M. Craine

 

Contents

Foreword

Preface

Acknowledgments

Abbreviations

Chapter 1. The Basis for Plant Strategies

            Assessing Natural Selection

            From Single Traits to Multitrait Strategies

            Quantifying Plant Traits and Strategies

            Ranking Strategies

            Synthesis

Chapter 2. The History of Plant Strategies

            Nutrients and the History of Plant Strategies

            Grime

            Chapin

            Tilman

            Laying the Foundation of Plant Strategies

Chapter 3. Stress and Disturbance

            Defining Stress and Disturbance

            Major Causes of Stress and Disturbance

            How Herbivory Works

            Growth in the Face of Stress and Disturbance

            Responding after Stress and Disturbance

            The Links to Resource Availability

            Summary

Chapter 4. Resource Limitation

            The Concept of Single Resource Limitation

            History of the Nitrogen Cycle Concept

            Pulses or Slow Bleeds?

            Primer on the Phosphorus Cycle

            Colimitation in a Post-Liebigian World

            Evaluating Costs in a Colimited World

            Trade-offs in Use Efficiency in a Colimited World

            Summary

Chapter 5. Competition for Nutrients and Light

            Definitions and Types of Competition

            Competition for Nutrients under Uniform Supplies

            How Much Root Length?

            Interference Competition

            Competition for Nutrients under Heterogeneous Supplies

            Competition for Light

            Synthesis

Chapter 6. Comparing Negative Effects

            Comparing Negative Effects

            How to Measure the Importance of Stress and Disturbance in Environments

            How to Measure the Importance of Stress and Disturbance in the Natural Selection of a Species

            Importance of Factors at Low Nutrient Supply

            Importance of Factors at High Nutrient Supply

            The Relative Importance of Factors

            Synthesis

Chapter 7. The Low-Nutrient Strategy

            Physiological Traits

            Whole-Plant Traits

            Effects on Nitrogen Cycling

            Revising the Low-Nutrient Strategy

            Significance of Traits in Strategy

            Synthesis

Chapter 8. The High-Resource Strategy

            The Scope of This Chapter

            Physiological Traits

            Whole-Plant Traits

            Effects on Nutrient Cycling

            Revising the High-Resource Strategy

            Significance of Traits in Strategy

            Why the Race Ends

            Synthesis

Chapter 9. The Low-Light Strategy

            Physiological Traits

            Whole-Plant Traits

            Effects on Nutrient Cycling

            Traits under High Light

            Why These Patterns

            The End of the Second Stage of Competition

            Synthesis

Chapter 10. The Low-Water and Low-CO2 Strategies

            Water

            Carbon Dioxide

            Summary

Chapter 11. A Synthesis of Plant Strategies

            Application and the Way Forward

            Genetics, Pleiotropy, and Plasticity

            Limitation

            Competition

            Defense and Herbivory

            Mechanisms of Coexistence

            Biogeographic Patterns and Invasions

            Global Change

            Tree of Life

Bibliography