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John Blair

University Distinguished Professor
Edwin G. Brychta Professor of Biology
Associate Director for Faculty Development

Ph.D. 1987, University of Georgia. 

Ecosystem ecology and terrestrial biogeochemistry; Grasslands and global change; Soil ecology, including decomposition, soil nutrient cycling, litter/soil/plant nutrient dynamics; Effects of climate change and other disturbances on ecosystem processes; Restoration ecology; Ecology of soil invertebrates.

Selected Research Publications

Carter, D.L and J.M. Blair. In Press. Seed source has variable effects on species, communities, and ecosystem properties in grassland restorations. Ecosphere.

Coolon, J.D., K.L. Jones, TC. Todd, J.M. Blair, and M.A. Herman. In Press. Long-term nitrogen amendment alters the diversity and assemblage of soil bacterial communities in tallgrass prairie. PLoS ONE.

Koerner, S.E., S.L. Collins, J.M. Blair, A.K. Knapp and M.D. Smith. In press. Rainfall variability has minimal effects on grassland recovery from repeated grazing. Journal of Vegetation Science.

An, N., K.P. Price and J.M. Blair. 2013. Estimating aboveground net primary productivity of the tallgrass prairie ecosystem of the Central Great Plains using AVHRR NDVI. International Journal of Remote Sensing 34:3717-3735.

Reisinger, A.J., J.M. Blair, C.W. Rice and W.K. Dodds.  2013.  Woody vegetation removal stimulates riparian and benthic denitrification in tallgrass prairie.  Ecosystems 16:547-560.

Carter, D.L. and J.M. Blair. 2012. High richness and dense seeding enhance grassland restoration establishment, but have little effect on drought response.  Ecological Applications. 22:1308-1319.

Carter, D.L. and J.M. Blair.  2012.  Recovery of native plant community characteristics on a chronosequence of restored prairies seeded into pastures in West-Central Iowa.  Restoration Ecology. 20: 170–179.

Fay, P.A., J.M. Blair, M.D. Smith, J.B. Nippert, J.D. Carlisle, and A.K. Knapp. 2011. Relative effects of precipitation variability and warming on tallgrass prairie ecosystem function.  Biogeosciences 8:3053-3068.

McCain, K.N.S., G.W.T. Wilson, and J.M. Blair. 2011. Mycorrhizal suppression alters plant productivity and forb establishment in a grass-dominated prairie restoration.  Plant Ecology 212:1675-1685.

Jangid, K., M.A. Williams, A.J. Franzluebbers, J.M. Blair, D.C. Coleman and W.B. Whitman.  2010.  Development of soil microbial communities during tallgrass prairie restoration.  Soil Biology & Biochemistry 42:302-312.

McCain, K.N.S., S.G. Baer, J.M. Blair, and G.W.T. Wilson. 2010. Dominant grasses suppress local diversity in restored tallgrass prairie.  Restoration Ecology 18:40-49.

Melzer, S.E., A.K. Knapp, K.P. Kirkman, M.D. Smith, J.M. Blair and E.F. Kelly.  2010.  Fire and grazing impacts on silica production and storage in grass dominated ecosystems.  Biogeochemistry 97:263–278.

Buis, G.M., J.M. Blair, D.E. Burkepile, C.E. Burns, A.J. Chamberlain, P. Chapman, S.L. Collins, R.W.S. Fynn, N. Govender, K. Kirkman, M.D. Smith and A.K. Knapp.  2009.  Controls of aboveground net primary production in mesic grasslands and savannas: An interhemispheric comparison.  Ecosystems 12:982–995.

Heisler-White, J.L., J.M. Blair, E.F. Kelly, K. Harmony and A.K. Knapp.  2009.  Contingent productivity responses to more extreme rainfall regimes across a grassland biome.  Global Change Biology 15:2894-2904.

Kitchen, D.J., J.M. Blair and M.A. Callaham, Jr. 2009. Annual fire and mowing alter biomass, depth distribution, and C and N content of roots and soil in tallgrass prairie. Plant and Soil 323:235-247.

Baer, S.G. and J.M. Blair.  2008.  Grassland establishment under varying resource availability: A test of positive and negative feedback. Ecology 89:1859-1871.

Marshall, J.D., J.M. Blair, D. Peters, G. Okin, A. Rango and M. Williams.  2008.  Predicting and understanding ecosystem responses to climate change at continental scalesFrontiers in Ecology and the Environment 6:273-280.

McKinley, D.C. and J.M. Blair. 2008.  Woody plant encroachment by Juniperus virginiana in a mesic native grassland promotes rapid carbon and nitrogen accrualEcosystems11:454-468.

Veen, G.F., J.M. Blair, M.D. Smith and S.L. Collins.  2008.  Influence of grazing and fire frequency on small-scale plant community structure and resource variability in native tallgrass prairie. Oikos 117:859-866.

Norris, M.A., J.M. Blair and L.C. Johnson. 2007. Altered ecosystem nitrogen dynamics as a consequence of land cover change in tallgrass prairie. American Midland Naturalist 158:432-445.

Jones, K.L., T.C. Todd, J. L. Wall-Beam, J.D. Coolon, J.M. Blair and M.H. Herman.  2006. Molecular approach for assessing responses of microbial-feeding nematodes to burning and chronic nitrogen enrichment in a native grasslandMolecular Ecology 15:2601-2609.

Baer, S.G., S.L. Collins, J.M. Blair, A.K. Knapp, and A.K. Fiedler.  2005.  Soil heterogeneity effects on tallgrass prairie community heterogeneity: an application of ecological theory to restoration ecologyRestoration Ecology 13(2):  413–424.

Reed, H.E., T.R. Seastedt, and J.M. Blair.  2005.  Ecological consequences of C4 grass invasion of a C4 grassland: a dilemma for managementEcological Applications 15(5): 1560–1569.

Briggs, J.M., A.K. Knapp, J.M. Blair, J.L. Heisler, G.A. Hoch, M.S. Lett and J.K. McCarron. 2005. An ecosystem in transition: causes and consequences of the conversion of mesic grassland to shrubland. BioScience 55: 243-254.

Harper, C.W., J.M. Blair, P.A. Fay, A.K. Knapp and J.D. Carlisle. 2005. Increased rainfall variability and reduced rainfall amount decreases soil CO2 flux in a grassland ecosystem. Global Change Biology 11: 322-334.

Baer, S.G., J.M. Blair, S.L. Collins and A.K. Knapp. 2004. Plant community responses to resource availability and heterogeneity during restoration. Oecologia 139: 617-629.

Heisler, J.L., J.M. Briggs, A.K. Knapp, J.M. Blair and A. Seery.  2004.  Direct and indirect effects of fire on shrub expansion in a mesic grassland. Ecology 85: 2245-2257.

Baer, S.G., J.M. Blair, A.K. Knapp and S.L. Collins.  2003.  Soil resources regulate productivity and diversity in newly established tallgrass prairieEcology 84: 724-735.

Callaham, M.A., Jr., J.M. Blair, T.C. Todd, D.J. Kitchen, and M.R. Whiles. 2003.  Macroinvertebrates in North American tallgrass prairie soils: Effects of fire, mowing, and fertilization on density and biomassSoil Biology & Biochemistry 35: 1079-1093.

Bakker, C., J.M. Blair and A.K. Knapp.  2003.  A comparative assessment of potential mechanisms influencing plant species richness in grazed grasslandsOecologia 137: 385-391.

Fay, P.A., J.D. Carlisle, A.K. Knapp, J.M. Blair and S.L. Collins.  2003.  Productivity responses to altered rainfall patterns in a C4-dominated grasslandOecologia 137: 245-251.

Knapp, A.K., P.A. Fay, J.M. Blair, S. L. Collins, M. D. Smith, J. D. Carlisle, C. W. Harper, B. T. Danner, M.S. Lett and J. K. McCarron.  2002.  Rainfall variability, carbon cycling and plant species diversity in a mesic grasslandScience 298: 2202-2205.

Norris, M.D., J.M. Blair, L.C. Johnson and R.B. McKane.  2001.  Assessing changes in biomass, productivity, and C and N stores following Juniperus virginiana forest expansion into tallgrass prairieCanadian Journal of Forest Research 31: 1940-1946.

Collins, S.L., A.K. Knapp, J.M. Briggs, J.M. Blair and E. Steinauer.  1998.  Modulation of diversity by grazing and mowing in native tallgrass prairie. Science 280: 745-747.

Blair, J.M.  1997.  Fire frequency affects soil N availability and plant responses to subsequent fires in tallgrass prairie: A test of the transient maxima hypothesisEcology 78: 2359-2368.

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