For Advisors: Developmental Advising
Advising is a key to student retention. The best way to keep students enrolled is to keep them stimulated, challenged and progressing toward a meaningful goal. The best way to do that--especially among new students--is through informed academic advising. Anderson, Edward. (1997). Academic Advising for Student Success and Retention. Noel-Levitz, Iowa City, IA.
Advising is a process in which advisor and advisee enter a dynamic relationship respectful of the student's concerns. Ideally, the advisor serves as teacher and guide in an interactive partnership aimed at enhancing the student's self-awareness and fulfillment. O'Banion, T. (1972). An academic advising model. Junior College Journal, 42, 62-69.
Developmental counseling or advising is concerned not only with a specific personal or vocational decision but also with facilitating the student's rational processes, environmental and interpersonal interactions, behavior awareness and problem-solving, decision-making, and evaluation skills. Crookston, B. B. (1972). A developmental view of academic advising as teaching. Journal of College Student Personnel, volume 13, pp. 12-17.
A systematic process based on a close student-advisor relationship intended to aid students in achieving educational, career, and personal goals through the use of the full range of institutional and community resources. Winston, Jr. R. B., Enders, S. C., & Miller, T. K. (Eds.) (March 1982). Developmental approaches to academic advising. New Directions for Student Services, 17.
National Academic Advising Association (NACADA) http://www.nacada.ksu.edu